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完整版中考英语阅读理解练习带答案解析及全文翻译

中考英语阅读理解训练

1

We know the mosquito very well. Mosquitoes fly everywhere. They can be found almost all over

the world, and there are more than 2,500 kinds of them.

No one likes the mosquito. But the mosquito may decide that she loves you. She? Yes, she. It's

true that male mosquito doesn't bite(咬) and only the female mosquito bites because she needs blood

to lay eggs. She is always looking for things or people she wants to bite. If she likes what she finds,

she bites. But if she doesn't like your blood, she will turn to someone else for more delicious blood.

Next time a mosquito bites you, just remember you are chosen. You're different from the others!

If the mosquito likes you, she lands on your body without letting you know. She bites you so

quickly and quietly that you may not feel anything different. After she bites, you will have an itch(痒)

on your body because she puts something from her mouth together with your blood. By the time the

itching begins, and she has flown away.

And then what happens? Well, after her delicious dinner, the mosquito feels tired. She just wants

to find a place to have a good rest. There, on a leaf or a wall, she begins to lay eggs, hundreds of eggs.

And then what happens?

1. “Mosquito”means _______ in Chinese.

A. 苍蝇

B. 蜻蜓

C. 跳蚤

D. 蚊子

2. We know mosquitoes very well because ___________.

A. they can be found easily

B. they fly here and there

C. there are many kinds of them

D. they can fly

3. If the mosquito doesn't bite you, it will ________.

A. get angry with you

B. be afraid of you

C. make a lot of noise

D. choose another one

4. The mosquito bites you _________.

A. when you're asleep

B. because you have choose it

C. too quickly to let you know

D. but doesn't like you

5. Which of the following sentences is wrong?

A. The itching begins after the mosquito bites you.

B. You feel terrible when the mosquito bites you.

C. Mosquitoes use blood to lay eggs.

D. All the mosquitoes don't like to bite people for blood.

2

At the shopping mall, you probably think about spending, not saving. Think about all the lights

that keep the mall bright. Think about all the water faucets (水龙头) in the toilet. Think about all the

air conditioning in summer. Saving energy is a hot topic for such a big place!

Many things at the mall use energy. Electric lights, infrared (红外感应) faucets and air-conditioners need electricity to work.One way to save energy is by keeping lights clean. More and

more dust and dirt make the lights less bright. When malls keep lights clean, they can use fewer lights

and keep the area just as bright. Using fewer lights means using less energy.

You step up to the water faucet. The water starts to flow. You don't have to touch a thing. Why

do malls have such fancy faucets? The answer is simple. They save water. Sometimes people forget to

turn the water off after they wash. Infrared faucets turn themselves off.

1. _____ is a hot topic for a big mall.

A.To spend money B.To Save energy

C.To keep the mall bright D.To buy things

2.What will the fourth paragraph probably talk about?

A.How to save water when using infrared faucets irl the mall.

B. How to save energy when using air—conditioners in the mail.

C.How to save money When shopping in the mail.

3.The best title for the passage is _______.

1

A.Lights, faucets and air—conditioners B. Spending less money

C.Energy saving at the mall D. A hot topic

3

I've loved my mother's desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat

doing letters. Standing by her chair, looking at the ink bottle, pens, and white paper, I decided that the

act of writing must be the more wonderful thing in the world.

Years later, during her final illness, mother kept different things for my sister and brother. “But

the desk,”she'd said again, “it's for Elizabeth. ”

I never saw her angry, never saw her cry. I knew she loved me; she showed it in action. But as a

young girl, I wanted heart-to-heart talks between mother and daughter.

They never happened. And a gulf opened between us. I was “too emotional(易动感

情的)”. But

she lived “on the surface(表面)”.

As years passed I had my own family. I loved my mother and thanked her for our happy family. I

wrote to her in careful words and asked her to let me know in any way she chose that she did

forgive(原谅) me.

I posted the letter and waited for her answer. None came.

My hope turned to disappointment(失望), then little interest and, finally, peace—it seemed that

nothing happened. I couldn't be sure that the letter had even got to mother. I only knew that I had

written it, and I could stop trying to make her into someone she was not.

Now the present of her desk told, as she'd never been able to, that she was pleased that writing

was my chosen work. I cleaned the desk carefully and found some papers inside —a photo of my

father and a one-page letter, folded(折叠) and refolded many times.

Give me an answer, my letter asks, in any way you choose. Mother, you always chose the act that

speaks louder than words.

1. The writer began to love her mother's desk ______.

A. after Mother died

B. before she became a writer

C. when she was a child

D. when Mother gave it to her

2. The passage shows that ______.

A. mother was cold on the surface but kind in her heart to her daughter

B. mother was too serious about everything her daughter had done

C. mother cared much about her daughter in words

D. mother wrote to her daughter in careful words

3. The word “gulf”in the passage means ______.

A. deep understanding between the old and the young

B. different ideas between the mother and the daughter

C. free talks between mother and daughter

D. part of the sea going far in land

4. What did mother do with her daughter's letter asking forgiveness?

A. She had never received the letter.

B. For years, she often talked about the letter.

C. She didn't forgive her daughter at all in all her life.

D. She read the letter again and again till she died.

5. What's the best title of the passage?

A. My letter to Mother

B. Mother and Children

C. My mother's Desk

D. Talks between Mother and Me

4

Here are some tips (建议) on how to stay safe in earthquakes (地震).

1.Stay inside and duck and cover. Get under a desk or table, or stand in a corner or under a

doorway. Cover your head and neck with your arms.

2

2.Move against a wall if in a high building with no protective desk or table nearby. Cover your

head and neck with your arms.

3.Try to get into an open area away from trees, buildings, walls, and power lines (电杆) if

outdoors。

4.Pull over (停靠) to the side of the road away from overpasses (天桥) and power lines if driving.

Stay in your car until the shaking ends.

5.Get away from shelves or other areas where objects may fall if in a crowded store or public

area. Do not run for the door. Lower your body close to the ground and cover your head and neck with

your hands and arms.

6.Stay in your seat if in a cinema or a theater. Get below the level of the back of the seat and

cover your head and neck with your arms.

7.If you take cover (躲避) under a strong piece of furniture,hold on to it and be prepared to

move with it.

8.Try to stay away from kitchens, where there are often many objects that might fall or get burnt.

1.The underlined word “duck”in Tip 1 means ____.

A.a water bird with short legs B. some kind of meat for eating

C.walk like a duck D. lower your head or body very quickly 2._______ should be the most important part(s) to be protected in an earthquake. A.Your head and arms B.Your arms

C.Your neck and arms D.Your head and neck

3. Tip3 and Tip4 give you some advice on what you should do when you are ____.

A. inside a building

B. outside a building

C. in your house

D. in a store

5

My parents taught me not to waste food. My mum always found ways to make leftovers (剩余食物) taste good. I went to I1an to learn about some of their special food. As I was there, I learned about

the food and the history of the area. I learned that they don't waste food, either, and they use leftovers!

Many years ago, there was not enough food for everyone. People learned to cook and eat almost

everything. They had to think of ways to make special dishes. One of these dishes is kao zha. It's

made with leftovers like meat, soup, oil and fat. That might not sound very good, but it does taste

good. Today, kao zha is a special dish at big banquets (宴会).

Another famous dish is called zao bing. It's made with fruit, meat and other things.

I really liked

it! But I didn't want to eat too much. It has a lot of fat in it.

I smelled something burning and I saw smoke, so I found another special food of the I1an

area—duck meat. The duck meat is put in a big oven (炉子) to cook it. Smoke keeps the meat fresh. I

don't usually eat meat, but this duck meat was delicious! It tasted sweet.

Ilan is a great place with delicious food. I hope I can come back again!

1. The writer learns from her parents _______.

A. not to eat leftovers

B. to eat good food

C. not to waste food

D. to make good food

2.She finds that people in Ilan ____.

A. always waste food B.don't use leftovers

C. don't have enough food

D. can cook special food

3.Kao zha is a good dish that is made with ____.

A. fruit, meat and other things

B. fresh and sweet duck meat

C. some different leftovers

D. meat, soup and fruit

4.There are ___ kinds of special foods mentioned in the passage.

A. two

B. three

C. four

D. five

6

Now satellites are helping to forecast(预报) the weather. They are in space, and they can reach

any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere (大气), because this is where the

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weather forms (形成). They send these pictures to the weather stations. So meteorologists(气象学家)

can see the weather of any part of the world. From the pictures, the scientists can often say how the

weather will change.

Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries receive satellite pictures. When

they receive new pictures, the meteorologists compare them with earlier ones. Perhaps

they may find

that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground

may soon change, too. In their next weather forecast, the meteorologists can say this. So the weather satellites are a great help to the meteorologists. Before satellites were invented,

the scientists could forecast the weather for about 24or 48 hours. Now they can make good forecasts

for three or five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more

ahead (提前).

1. Satellites travel __________.

A. in space

B. above space

C. above the ground

D. in the atmosphere

2. Why do we use the weather satellites to take pictures of the atmosphere?Because _______.

A. clouds form there

B. the weather forms there

C. the weather satellites can do it easily

D. the pictures can forecast the weather

3. Meteorologists forecast the weather _______.

A. without studying satellite pictures

B. before they receive satellite pictures

C. when they have received satellite pictures

D. after they have compared the new satellite pictures with the earlier ones

4. Maybe we'll soon be able to forecast the weather for _________.

A. one day

B. two days

C. five days

D. seven days or even longer

5. The main idea of this passage is that satellites are now used in __________.

A. taking pictures of the earth

B. receiving pictures of the atmosphere

C. weather forecasting

D. doing other work in many ways

7

Have you ever been ill? When you are ill, you must be unhappy because your body becomes hot,

and there are pains all over your body. You don't want to work, and you stay in bed, feeling very sad.

What makes us ill? It is germs(细菌). Germs are everywhere. They are very small and you can't

find them with your eyes, but you can see them with a microscope. They are very very small and there

could be hundreds of them on a very small thing.

Germs are always found in dirty water. When we look at dirty water under the microscope, we

shall see them in it. So your father and mother will not let you drink dirty water. Germs aren't found only in water. They are found in air and dust. If you cut your finger, if some

of the dust from the floor goes into the cut(割开处), some of the germs would go into your finger.

Your finger would become big and red, and you will have much pain in it. Sometimes the germs

would go into all of your body, and you would have pain everywhere.

1. Which of the following is true?

A. If things are very very small, they are germs.

B. If things can't be seen, they must be germs.

C. Germs are only in dirty water.

D. Germs are everywhere around us.

2. What is a microscope used for?

A. Making very very small things look much bigger.

B. Making very big things look much smaller.

C. Helping you read some newspapers.

D. Helping you if you can't see things clearly.

3. Why don't your parents let you drink dirty water?

A. You haven't looked at it carefully.

B. Water can't be drunk in this way.

C. There must be lots of germs in it.

D. Water will make you ill.

4. Which of the following is not true?

A. Germs can be found both in water and in the air.

B. Germs can go into your finger if it is cut.

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C. If your temperature is not OK, there must be germs in your body.

D. If your finger isn't cut, there aren't any germs on it.

5. What's the main idea of the passage?

A. Germs may make us ill.

B. Germs are in dirty water.

C. Don't drink dirty water.

D. Take care of your fingers.

8

Jean is a bright young woman who comes from a rich and famous family. She goes to a good

university and has everything that money can buy. Well, almost everything. The problem is that the

people in Jean's family are so busy that they can hardly find time to be with her. In fact, Jean is quite

lonely.

So Jean spends a lot of time on her QQ. She likes being anonymous(匿名), talking to people who

do not know about her famous family and her rich life. She uses the name Linda on QQ and has made

a lot of friends who she keeps in touch with quite often.

Last year Jean made a very special friend on QQ. His name was David and lived in San Francisco.

David was full of stories and jokes. He and Jean had a common(共同的) interest in rock music and

modern dance. So it always took them hours to talk happily on QQ and sometimes

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