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最新中考英语 英语阅读理解(及答案)

最新中考英语英语阅读理解(及答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

A wealthy man asked an old scholar to tell his son away from his bad habits. The scholar took the young man for a walk through a garden. Stopping suddenly, he told the boy to pull out a tiny plant growing there.

The young man made it easily. The old man then asked him to pull out a little bigger plant. The young man pulled hard and the plant came out with its roots. “Now pull out that one,” said the old man, pointing to a little tree. The boy had to use all his strength to pull it out.

“Now take this one out,” said the old man, pointing at a big orange tree. The young man held the trunk (树干) and tried to pull it out. But it would not move. “It's impossible”, said the boy, panting (喘息) with the effort.

“So it is with bad habits,” said the old man. “When they are young, it is easy to pull them out. But when they go deeply, they cannot be uprooted.”

The conversation with the old man changed the boy's life.

(1)The scholar asked the young man to take a walk with him in the__________.

A. forest

B. park

C. garden

D. school

(2)The scholar asked the young man to pull out plants for _____times.

A. four

B. two

C. three

D. five

(3)According to the passage, the scholar must be __________.

A. a stupid man

B. a lazy man

C. a wise man

D. a funny man

(4)This passage mainly talks about___________.

A. we need exercise more to pull trees out

B. how to get away from bad habits

C. talking with a scholar is very important

D. the earlier getting away from bad habits, the better

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】短文大意:一个富人请求一位智者去除儿子的坏习惯。智者把这个孩子带到了公园,要求这个年轻人先后四次拔出植物,由易到难,去除坏习惯也是如此,当它们还不明显的时候,去除它们很容易,但是当它们深深扎根的时候,就难以去除了。智者的这堂特殊的课改掉了孩子的坏习惯,改变了男孩的一生。

(1)C细节理解题。根据短文第一段中的句子“The scholar took the young man for a walk through a garden.”可知,智者让青年人在花园里与他一起散步,故答案为C。

(2)A细节理解题。根据短文中出现的句子to pull out a tiny plant ,to pull out a little bigger plant. Now pull out that one, said the old man, pointing to a little tree. “Now take this one out,” said the old man, pointi ng at a big orange tree.可知,智者要求这个年轻人先后四次拔出

植物。故答案为A。

(3)C推理判断题。智者要求这个年轻人先后四次拔出植物,由易到难,去除坏习惯也是如此,当它们还不明显的时候,去除它们很容易,但是当它们深深扎根的时候,就难以去除了。智者的这堂特殊的课改掉了孩子的坏习惯,改变了男孩的一生,足以说明智者的聪明之处,故答案选C。

(4)D主旨大意题。根据短文倒数第二段智者的话:“So it is with bad habits,” said the old man. “When they are young, it is easy to pull them out. But when they go deeply, they cannot be uprooted.”可知,坏习惯要及早的去除,越早远离坏习惯,越好。故答案为D。

【点评】主旨大意题(主题、标题)在阅读理解中经常会出现。第四小题适合用捕捉主旨大意来解题。所谓主旨大意,也就是文章的中心思想,主题思想,中心观点,它常常针对文章的主题,作者的写作意图,文章段落的中心思想进行提问,这类题也叫归纳概括题。文中智者用拔植物的难易来类比坏习惯的去除也是如此。当它们还不明显的时候,去除它们很容易,但是当它们深深扎根的时候,就难以去除了。也就是说越早远离坏习惯越好。答案为D。

2.阅读理解

There was a man who had four sons. He wanted his sons to learn to not judge things too quickly. So he sent them each on a quest, in turn, to go and look at a pear tree that was a great distance away. The first son went in the winter, the second in the spring, the third in summer, and the youngest son in the fall.

When they had all gone and come back, he called them together to describe what they had seen. The first son said that the tree was ugly, bent, and twisted. The second son said no - it was covered with green buds and full of promise. The third son disagreed, he said it was laden with blossoms that smelled so sweet and looked so beautiful, it was the most graceful thing he had ever seen. The last son disagreed with all of them; he said it was ripe and drooping with fruit, full of life and fulfillment.

The man then explained to his sons that they were all right, because they had each seen but one season in the tree's life.

He told them that you cannot judge a tree, or a person, by only one season, and that the essence of who they are - and the pleasure, joy, and love that come from that life - can only be measured at the end, when all the seasons are up.

If you give up when it's winter, you will miss the promise of your spring, the beauty of your summer, fulfillment of your fall. Don't let the pain of one season destroy the joy of all the rest. (1)From the last paragraph we learn that we _______.

A. shouldn,t give up too quick

B. should love our life

C. shouldn,t waste our time

D. should listen to the old

(2)From the passage we can infer that _______.

A. The father is kind.

B. The father is wise.

C. The father is hard-working.

D. The father is patient.

(3)Which statement is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Four sons looked at a pear tree at the same time.

B. The first son said the tree was not beautiful.

C. The youngest son said the tree was full of life and fulfillment.

D. Their father said they were all right.

(4)Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. A father and his four sons

B. Four Seasons of a Tree

C. How to judge others

D. Unusual journeys

(5)Where can the passage be taken from?

A. a fashion magazine

B. a math book

C. the Internet

D. a scientific report

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)A

(4)B

(5)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:父亲为了让四个儿子学会不能太快速的判断某个事物,就让他们分别在春夏秋冬去看梨树的样子。

(1)推理判断题:根据“If you give up when it's winter, you will miss the promise of your spring, the beauty of your summer, fulfillment of your fall. Don't let the pain of one season destroy the joy of all the rest.”可知我们不能太快地放弃,否则你看不到全部的乐趣,故选A。

(2)推理判断题:结合全文大意:父亲为了让四个儿子学会不能太快速的判断某个事物,就让他们分别在春夏秋冬去看梨树的样子。果然四个孩子都只说出了自己去的那个季节的样子,可见父亲这个做法很有效果,很机智,故选B。

(3)细节理解题:根据文中“The first son went in the winter, the second in the spring, the third in summer, and the youngest son in the fall.”可知他们是在不同的季节去看的梨树,故选A。

(4)主旨大意题:根据全文大意,父亲为了让四个儿子学会不能太快速的判断某个事物,就让他们分别在春夏秋冬去看梨树的样子,四个孩子回来的时候也说出了当季的梨树样子,最后两段也多次提到季节,故选B。

(5)推理判断题,这是一篇夹叙夹议的记叙文,小小故事蕴涵大道理,A时尚杂志,B数学书,D科学报告,均和原文不符合,故选C。

【点评】这是一篇记叙文,富含人生道理,考查学生快速从中获取信息,分析问题的能力。

3.阅读下列短文,从下面每题的A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。

It happened many years ago, but I still remember it clearly. That day I was invited to work as a contest judge (评委) at a college. All of the students had been given a piece of paper with a topic on it. The first one to speak looked a little unhappy. “My fellow students and respected judges,” he said lou dly, “this is an unfair (不公平的) contest!” “I have been given this paper,” he continued, “to speak on a topic with just a few minutes’ preparation while those coming after me have more time to work on their speeches!” He then left the stage and went out of t he hall.

I met him later by chance. “Who says life is fair?” I asked him with a smile, and I asked him to walk with me to my car. “Have you seen the numbers they show when a new car is being introduced into the market, saying how economic (经济的) it is?”“Yes,” he nodded “But they put a line after all these numbers. They say all the numbers are in ideal (理想的) road conditions!” “Yes,” he said again. “Can you show me some ideal road conditions?” I asked him,and he smiled. “The car that sells well is the one that will provide power and speed on the worst roads. That car is the winner!”

We had reached my car. “Don’t look for ideal contest conditions,” I said. “Fight the unfair and come out a winner!”

I looked back as I drove away and saw him smile and wave to me.

(1)Why did the student say the contest was unfair?

A. Because there was only a judge for it.

B. Because other contestants had more time to prepare for it.

C. Because other contestants’ topics were easier.

D. Because he didn’t like the topic.

(2)What kind of car is the winner?

A. The car that has power and speed on the worst roads.

B. The car that is expensive.

C. The car that is cheap.

D. The car that has ideal road conditions.

(3)What do you think of the writer?

A. Strict.

B. Clever.

C. Helpful.

D. Popular.

(4)What would the student do next?

A. Ask the writer more questions.

B. Continue to complain about the unfair things.

C. Take part in another contest.

D. Fight the unfair from now on.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

【解析】【分析】短文大意:作者担任评委时遇到了一位选手,他因为质疑比赛条件的公平性而退出比赛,在第二次遇到时,作者给他讲了关于车在恶劣环境中赢得冠军的事实,借此告诉他只有直面不公平,赢得胜利,才是真正的冠军。

(1)细节理解题。从“this is an unfair (不公平的) contest!”“I have been given this paper,” he continued, “to speak on a topic with just a few minutes’ preparation while those coming after me have more time to work on their speeches!”可知他说不公平是因为后面的人比他有更多的时间去准备演讲,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。从“The car that sells well is the one th at will provide power and speed on the worst roads. That car is the winner!”可知选A。

(3)细节推断题。作者在偶然遇到生气离开的参赛者后,为了告诉他生活中没有绝对的公平,要学着与不公平作斗争并成为胜者的道理,于是带着他讨论车的问题,从中可以看出作者是个热心的人,故选C。

(4)细节理解题。从“Fight the unfair and come out a winner!”I looked back as I drove away and saw him smile and wave to me.可知这个男孩听进去了作者的话,以后会与不公平作斗争,故选D。

【点评】考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。

A young woman traveled and stayed in a hotel. All the rooms in the hotel were singles(单人间). So she lived in a single room.

Just when she was going to bed, there was a knock at the door. She had no friends in the city. So she was quite surprised but still opened the door.

The man who was standing at the door looked a little nervous. "Oh! I'm sorry. I thought this was my room," the man said and walked away in a hurry.

The woman called the police at once. Soon, the man was caught. He was a thief(小偷)! But how did the woman know that?

All the rooms in the hotel were singles. Who would knock at his own door if he was staying alone? Only a thief would do this. He wanted to see if anyone was inside before he broke into the room.

(1)A young woman traveled and stayed ____.

A. in a hotel

B. in a police office

C. in a park

D. in her friend's home

(2)The man looked a little ____ when the woman opened the door.

A. happy

B. nervous

C. mad

D. relaxed

(3)The man knocked at the door to ____.

A. find his friend in the city

B. stay alone

C. see if anyone was inside

D. call the police

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:一位年轻女士住在宾馆时,有人敲门询问这是不是他的房间,这位女士断定他是一个小偷,并报了警。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句 A young woman traveled and stayed in a hotel. 理解可知,这位年轻的女士住在了宾馆,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句 The man who was standing at the door looked a little nervous. 理解可知,这个年轻人看到这位女士非常的紧张,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Only a thief would do this. He wanted to see if anyone was inside before he broke into the room.可知,这个人敲门的主要目的就是看看房间里有没有人,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

5.阅读材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

The year was 1859. America and England had already fought two wars. Now, they were at peace. But one day a pig got hungry. And it nearly caused another war between the two countries. The pig was owned by a British man who lived on a small island. The island was just off the western part of North America. Both England and the US said the island was theirs. Across the island from the British man lived some American farmers. Everyone on the island got along peacefully. But the peace ended the day the British man's pig decided to eat some of an American farmer's potatoes.

One of the American farmers shot and killed the pig. Then the pig's owner wanted $100 from the man who shot the animal. That was a lot of money, so the farmer refused to pay it. The British and Americans began to argue, and the situation got worse. The farmers asked the governor over the island at that time for help. He sent a group of soldiers to protect the farmers. The British answered by sending 2, 000 soldiers. The British were on one side of the island, and the Americans were on the other. The problem that began with the pig was about to become a shooting war.

When news of the problem reached Washington and London, both leaders were surprised. Neither country wanted another war. They sent some men to try to fix the problem. After a discussion, it was decided that each country would keep a small group of soldiers on the island. They would stay there until the two countries could decide who owned the island. Then the others would have to leave.

Twelve years went by. Neither side wanted to give u the island, but they knew they had to do something. They asked the leader of Germany to help decide. After nearly a year of discussion, a decision was made. America would get the island.

Finally, the Pig War was over and only one shot was fired. That was the shot that killed the pig!(1)What caused the problem on the island according to the passage?

A. An American shot a British man.

B. A group of soldiers came to the island.

C. British men destroyed an American's farmland.

D. A British man's pig ate some potatoes of an American farmer's.

(2)The underlined word "they" in Paragraph 4 refers to ________.

A. the farmers

B. the leaders

C. the soldiers

D. the Germans (3)According to the passage, the real purpose of the two countries was ________.

A. to own an island

B. to kill a pig

C. to get more money

D. to start a war (4)Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

A. The Pig Island

B. The Pig War

C. The Pig on the Island

D. The Island War

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:英美两国因一头英国人饲养的猪吃了美国人种植的土豆引起的争端,其实他们最终的目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句But the peace ended the day the British man's pig decided to eat some of an American farmer's potatoes.理解可知,这场战争的主要起因就是英国人的猪吃了美国人的土豆,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句After a discussion, it was decided that each country would keep a small group of soldiers on the island. They would stay there until the two countries could decide who owned the island. 理解可知,经过讨论,决定每个国家在岛上保留一小队士兵。他们将一直呆在那里,直到两国决定谁拥有这个岛。they指代的就是士兵,故选C。(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Twelve years went by. Neither side wanted to give u the island, but they knew they had to do something. They asked the leader of Germany to help decide. After nearly a year of discussion, a decision was made. America would get the island.理解可知,英美两国的最终目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,故选A。

(4)标题推断题。通读全文可知,英美的争议是因一头猪吃了土豆引起的,其实他们最终的目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,故选B。

【点评】考阅读理解。本题主要涉及细节理解题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中找到答案,而主旨大意题需要认真阅读仔细理解,归纳出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

Corky was a brave young man and he dreamed of becoming the best fighter in the world.

To become stronger and get better fighting skills, he went to many schools. One day, he went to the best school in the world. Before entering the gate, he was made to hand in all his weapons (武器).

"You won't need those any more. Here you'll get better ones," said the guard. Corky handed his weapons to him. A serious old teacher took Corky to his room. Before he left, he said to Corky, "In a hundred days the training will start." A hundred days! At first Corky thought that was a joke, but he soon realized the old teacher had been serious. Corky felt nervous during the first days and he tried many ways to try to get the teacher to start the training. However, it didn't work. At last Corky waited patiently and enjoyed each day in the school.

"You've already learned how to use your main weapon—patience," said the old teacher. Corky could hardly believe it, but he really understood that the teacher was right. Finally, the lesson began. "Now it's time to learn how to win every fight," said the old teacher. That sounded good to Corky until he found himself tied hand and foot. Many villagers tried to hit him because they were told that Corky was a dangerous man. The same thing was repeated for days, and Corky knew he had to do something. He realized that the only way would be to deal with the villagers' anger (怒气). In the following days, Corky kept talking to them until he managed to make them believe that he was not an enemy. In the end, the villagers made friends with Corky.

Finally, Corky knew what the most powerful weapon was. He said thanks to the teacher and left.

(1)Why did the old teacher tell Corky that the training would start in a hundred days?

A. Because he didn't feel well.

B. Because he wanted Corky to leave.

C. Because he wanted Corky to be patient.

D. Because he thought Corky needed a good rest.

(2)Which of the following is the RIGHT order according to the story?

①Corky was hit by the villagers.

②Corky handed his weapons to the guard.

③Corky tried to get the teacher to start the training.

A. ③①②

B. ②③①

C. ③②①

D.

②①③

(3)What can we infer(推断) from the story?

A. Corky went to the school to kill his enemy.

B. Corky stayed at the school for over 100 days.

C. Corky was tied hand and foot because he was dangerous.

D. In the end, Corky killed the villagers.

(4)According to the passage, what was the most powerful weapon?

A. Strength.

B. Fighting skills.

C. Patience.

D. Words.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲述了库尔奇如何想成为世界上最勇敢的战士的故事,从而告诉我们最强大的武器是我们自己和耐心。

(1)细节理解题根据第三段的意思,可知老师为的是让他有耐心。故选C。

(2)细节理解题①Corky was hit by the villagers.通过村民库尔奇成功了。②Corky handed his weapons to the guard.库尔奇递给门卫武器。③Corky tried to get the teacher to start the training. 库尔奇试图让老师开始了训练。根据故事发展的顺序看应是231,故选B。

(3)推理判断题。根据第三段中描述“In a hundred days the training will start.” 可知答案B 的描述是正确的。故选B。

(4)推理判断题。根据老师给库尔奇的两次考验,主要是考验的的耐心还有遇到问题靠

自己。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文主要涉及细节理解题和推理判断题,细节理解题主要是在文章中找到答案的依据。推理判断题是根据上下文推断出需要的信息。

7.根据短文内容,判断句子正误。

Alice was a student in a secondary school. The school was on the other side of the street from my house. Every day. I watched her play basketball after school from my house. She played very well, much better than any other of her classmates. And she never stopped. She practised over and over again, sometimes until it was very dark.

One day, I asked her, "why do you practise so hard? You are playing very well."

"That's because I want to play in the city basketball team," she looked at me and said proudly. "But I'm still not good enough. I must work hard." I was moved by her great courage.

Another day, I saw her crying on the grass, instead of playing basketball. I walked across the street and sat down by her side.

"Why are you crying, girl?" I asked.

"The coach of the city basketball team told me that I couldn't go on playing basketball because I was too short."

But some days later, I saw her playing basketball again, practising even harder than before. I was curious(好奇的) and asked her the reason. "My father told me if my dream is big enough, nothing can stop me." I was moved again.

(1)Alice's school was not far away from the writer's home.

(2)The writer was touched when he heard what Alice said in the third paragraph.

(3)From the passage we know Alice was a hard-working girl.

(4)Alice's father told her that she was too short to go on playing basketball.

(5)Alice might give up playing basketball according to the last paragraph.

【答案】(1)1

(2)1

(3)1

(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了Alice因为不能继续打篮球,非常难过。

(1)推理题。根据I watched her play basketball after school from my house放学后,我在家看她打篮球,可知爱丽丝的学校离作家的家不远,故正确。

(2)细节题。根据I was moved by her great courage,可知当作者听到爱丽丝所说的话时,他很感动,故正确。

(3)推理题。根据She practised over and over again, sometimes until it was very dark 她一遍又一遍地练习,有时直到天黑,可知从文章中我们知道爱丽丝是一个勤奋的女孩,故正确。

(4)细节题。根据The coach of the city basketball team told me that I couldn't go on playing basketball because I was too short教练告诉我,我不能继续打篮球,因为我太矮

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