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2020最新中考初中英语阅读理解专项强化练习题200篇大全汇总含答案(十二)

中考英语阅读理解拓展练习:艺人的生活

对很多年轻人来说,成为一名艺人可能看起来是一个梦寐以求的工作。如果你成为一名艺人,你就能以做你喜欢做的事情为生了;如果你出名了,全世界的人都会认识你。很多艺人资助学校和慈善事业,帮助他人做很多事情,这是一个很多人都无法拥有的好机会。

但是,艺人也有很多问题。如果你有名了,人们就会时刻关注你,到处跟随你。这会让生活变得很麻烦。

如果你以演戏为生,有时候你的工作会非常危险。很多艺人都有伤,并且如果你有钱了,你会很难发现谁是你真正的朋友。事实上,很多艺人抱怨他们并不快乐,他们说在他们富有和成名之前更快乐。

拓展阅读:

Mrs. Jones is a teacher. Her house isn't far from her school, and she always walks there in the morning. All the students in the school are very young. Today Mrs. Jones walks to school as

usual(像平常). It's very cold, the cold wind(风) goes into her eyes and big tears(泪珠) run out of them. She gets to the school, opens the door and goes into the classroom. The room is nice and warm. Mrs. Jones is very happy. A small boy looks at her for a few seconds and says, “Don't cry, school isn't very bad.”With these words he puts his arms(胳膊) around her.

1. Mrs. Jones is a _____.

A. mother

B. girl

C. teacher

D. a student

2. Mrs. Jones works in a _____.

A. school

B. factory

C. hospital

D. TV station

3. Mrs. Jones goes to work _____ every day.

A. by bus

B. on foot(步行)

C. by bike

D. by train(火车)

4. Does the small boy like Mrs. Jones? Why?

5. Why do big tears run out of Mrs. Jones' eyes?

答案:

1. C

解析:Mrs. Jones is a teacher.选C

2. A

解析:她是个老师,所以在学校工作选A

3. B

解析:she always walks there in the morning.选B

4. Yes, he does. Because he comes to Mrs. Jones and puts his arms around her.

解析:A small boy looks at her for a few seconds and says, “Don't cry, school isn't very bad.”With these words he puts his arms around her.

5. Because the cold wind goes into her eyes.

解析:It's very cold, the cold wind goes into her eyes and big tears run out of them.

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:culture

Do animals have a culture? What do we mean by “culture?”Lately social scientists have begun to ask if culture is found just in humans, or if some animals have a culture too. When we speak of culture, we mean a way of life a group of people have in common. Culture includes the beliefs and attitudes we learn. It is the patterns of behavior that help people to live together. It is also the patterns of behavior that make one group of people different from another group.

Our culture lets us make up for having lost out strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses. Instead we use tools, cooperate with one another, and communicate with language. But these aspects of human behavior, or “culture,”can also be found in the lives of certain animals. Animals can make tools, for example. We used to think that the ability to use tools was the dividing line

between human beings and other animals. Lately, however, we have found that this is not the case. Chimpanzees(非洲小猩猩) can not only use tools but actually make tools themselves. Animals can also share knowledge with each other and use their own language to communicate. So it may be important for us to know that the line dividing us from animals is not as clear as we used to think.

1. Choose the statement that best expresses the main idea.____.

A. A chimpanzee can learn to use sign language to make sentences

B. Other animals can invent tools

C. Knowledge and communication are no longer signs of only human behavior

D. The line dividing human culture from animal culture is not as clear as we might think

2. “Culture”refers to ____.

A. book language of behavior we learn

B. the patterns of behavior we learn

C. traditional ideas

D. people’s good habits

3. A chimpanzee’s use of tools means ____.

A. animals are the same as human beings

B. animals can be as clever as human beings

C. the dividing line between culture and animal culture no longer exists

D. animals may have a culture like our own

4. Which of the following statement is true?____.

A. The ability to use language separates human beings

B. We can be certain that animals have a culture too

C. Social scientists doubt if animals have a culture too

D. Some traditional ideas about the difference between human beings and animals may be wrong

5.The first sentence of the second paragraph “Our culture lets 7us make up for having lost our strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses “means ____.

A. as a result of our culture, we have lost our strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses

B. our culture has enabled us even better though we have lost our strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses

C. our culture has brought back to us strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses that we have lost

D.our culture asks that we lose our strength, claws, long teeth, and other defenses which animals still have

The key :

10. D B D D B

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:geography

It helps us understand the world better if we know a little geography and have some maps at hand. But with maps in Chinese only, misunderstanding is possible in studying world events. Chinese names are long, hard to pronounce and without meaning to a foreigner. For the opening of the country maps are important and helpful and needed badly.

I wish maps various languages, such as those used in the United Nations, would come out and be sold in all bookstores open to Chinese.

1. The writer is mainly talking about ____.

A. geography

B. maps

C. Chinese names

D. the opening of the country

2. Knowing a little geography and having some maps in Chinese only, a foreigner ____.

A. can study world events easily

B. can study world events without misunderstanding

C. can’t study world events without misunderstanding

D. will fell joy in studying world events

3. What are the difficulties for a foreigner to use a map in Chinese?

A. A foreigner has nowhere to buy a map

B. All the bookstores only open to Chinese.

C. The names of Chinese people are long, hard to pronounce and without meaning.

D. The names of places on a map in Chinese are long, hard to pronounce and without meaning.

4. In the United Nations people use maps in ____.

A. foreign languages only

B. Chinese only

C. various languages

D. English only

5. According to the passage maps in foreign language are badly needed ____.

A. in a country open to other parts of the world

B. if a country is going to join the United Nations

C. when we are learning geography

D.if there are no maps in bookstores open to Chinese

The key :

9. B C D C A

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:expelled(开除)

More than 6000 children were expelled(开除) from US schools last year for bringing guns and bombs to school, the US Department of Education said on May 8.

The department gave a report on the expulsions as saying handguns accounted for 58 per cent of the 6093 expulsions in 1996—97, against 7 per cent for rifles(步枪) or shotguns and 35 per cent for other types of firearms.

“The report is a clear sign that our nation’s public schools are cracking down(严惩)”on students who bring guns to school, “Education Secretry Richard Riey said in a statement. “We need to be tough-minded(坚强的) about keeping guns out of our schools and do everything to keep our children safe.”

In March 1997, a 11-year-old boy and a 13-year-old using hand-guns and rifles shot dead four children and a teacher at a school in Jonesboro,Arkansas. In October, two were killed and seven wounded in a shooting at a Missisippi school. Two months later, a 14-year-old boy killed three high school students and wounded five inDaducab,Kentucky.

“Most of the expulsions(开除), 56 per cent, were from high schools, which have students from about age 13, 34 per cent were from junior high schools and 9 per cent were from elementary schools.”The report said.

1. From the first paragraph we can infer that in theUSschools ____.

A. students enjoy shooting

B. students are eager to be soldiers

C. safety is a problem C. students can make guns

2. The report from the US Department of Education shows that ____.

A. the number of the expulsions is now large

B. the number of the expulsions is wrong

C. there are soldiers hiding among the students

D. guns are out of control in US schools

3. The main idea of paragraph four shows us ____.

A. some examples of shootings in US schools

B. the Americans’feeling

C. some famous schools

D. that some teachers were killed by students

4. How many students were shot dead in1997 inUS schools?

A. 10

B.9

C. 12

D. 22

5. From this passage we know that ____.

A. every American cannot have guns

B. only soldiers and police can have guns

A. every American citizen can own guns

D. teachers have no money to buy guns

The key :

The key :

8. C D A B C

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:Bobert S. Cassatt “I would almost rather see you dead.”Bobert S. Cassatt, a leading banker of Philadelphia, shouted when his twenty-year-old eldest daughter announced that she wanted to become an artist. In the 19th century, playing at drawing or painting on dishes was all right for a young lady, but serious work in art was not. And when the young lady’s family racked among(挤身于) the best of Philadelphia’s social(社会各界的) families, such an idea could not even be considered.

That was how Mary Cassatt, born 1844, began her struggle as an artist. She did not tremble before her father’s anger, she opposed(反对) him with courage and at last made him change his mind. Many Cassatt gave up her social position and all thoughts of a thousand and a family, which in those times was unthinkable for a young lady. In the end, after long years of hard work and perseverance(坚持), she became America’s most important woman

artist and the internationally recognized leading woman painter of the time.

1. How did Mr Cassatt react(反应) when his daughter made her announcement?

A. He feared for her life.

B. He was very angry.

C. He nearly killed her.

D. He warned her.

2. What in fact was Mr Cassatt’s main reason in opposing his daughter’s wish?

A. Drawing and painting was simply unthinkable among ladies in those days.

B. He did not believe his daughter wanted to work seriously in art.

C. He believed an artist’s life would be too hard for his daughter.

D. Ladies of good families simply did not become artists in those times.

3. What made Mary Cassatt’s “struggle”to become a recognized artist especially hard?

A. She was a woman

B. Her father opposed her.

C. She had no social position.

D. She didn’t come from an artist’s family.

4. What do we know about Mary Cassatt’s marriage?

A. Her marriage failed because she never gave a thought to her husband and family.

B. She never married because she did not want to be just a wife and mother.

C. After marriage she decided to give up her husband rather than her career.

D. She did not marry because for a lady of her social position to marry below her was unthinkable.

5. What do we know about Robert Cassatt’s character from the texta

I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. It was an eccentric(怪僻的) farmer. I had never met him before although I had often heard people talk about him. He sounded quite nervous and he had been talking for a minute or so before I understood anything. Even then I could make out was that

someone called Milly had had a very bad accident. I hadn’t the slightest idea who she was but I obviously had to go.

It had been snowing heavily that I didn’t know the way. I had been driving for at least an hour when I finally found his place. He was standing there, waiting for me. It seemed Milly had died. “She meant more to me than anyone…even my own wife!”he said. I could see that he had been crying. I thought something terrible had taken place, a possible scandal (丑闻) . I was even more shocked when he told me he had put her in the barn. “I wouldn’t leave her out in the cold!”he said.

Milly had clearly been a secret lover of his. I was about to tell him he could not expect me to cover anything up when he opened the barn door. He lifted his candle and I saw a dark figure on the ground. “She was such a good cow! I wouldn’t let anyone but a doctor touch her !”he said, and burst into tears again.

1. The underlined phrase “make out”in the first paragraph means____.

A. expect

B. understand

C. see clearly

D. hear clearly

2. Before he arrived at the farmer’s house, the writer expected to see Milly lying ____.

A. on the ground of a barn

B. on the floor of a room

C. in bed in a room

D. in bed in a barn

3. What do we know about Milly from the story?

A. She had met with an accident

B. She had caused a scandal.

C. She was seriously ill.

D. She was hidden somewhere.

4. The farmer wished that the writer might ____.

A. look into the matter

B. bring Milly back to life

C. free him from a scandal

D. keep the whole thing a secret

5. The person who told the story is probably a ____.

A. farmer

B. policeman

C. country doctor

D. newspaper reporter

The key :

7. B C A B C

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:you dead

“I would almost rather see you dead.”Bobert S. Cassatt, a leading banker of Philadelphia, shouted when his twenty-year-old eldest daughter announced that she wanted to become an artist. In the 19th century, playing at drawing or painting on dishes was all

right for a young lady, but serious work in art was not. And when the young lady’s family racked among(挤身于) the best of Philadelphia’s social(社会各界的) families, such an idea could not even be considered.

That was how Mary Cassatt, born 1844, began her struggle as an artist. She did not tremble before her father’s anger, she opposed(反对) him with courage and at last made him change his mind. Many Cassatt gave up her social position and all thoughts of a thousand and a family, which in those times was unthinkable for a young lady. In the end, after long years of hard work and perseverance(坚持), she became America’s most important woman artist and the internationally recognized leading woman painter of the time.

1. How did Mr Cassatt react(反应) when his daughter made her announcement?

A. He feared for her life.

B. He was very angry.

C. He nearly killed her.

D. He warned her.

2. What in fact was Mr Cassatt’s main reason in opposing his daughter’s wish?

A. Drawing and painting was simply unthinkable among ladies in those days.

B. He did not believe his daughter wanted to work seriously in art.

C. He believed an artist’s life would be too hard for his daughter.

D. Ladies of good families simply did not become artists in those times.

3. What made Mary Cassatt’s “struggle”to become a recognized artist especially hard?

A. She was a woman

B. Her father opposed her.

C. She had no social position.

D. She didn’t come from an artist’s family.

4. What do we know about Mary Cassatt’s marriage?

A. Her marriage failed because she never gave a thought to her husband and family.

B. She never married because she did not want to be just a wife and mother.

C. After marriage she decided to give up her husband rather than her career.

D. She did not marry because for a lady of her social position to marry below her was unthinkable.

5. What do we know about Robert Cassatt’s character from the text?

A. He was a cruel man.

B. He was a stubborn (固执的) man.

B. He knew nothing about art. D. He knew little about his daughter.

The key :

6. B A A B D

中考英语阅读理解考前强化:The report

The report came to the British on May 21,1949. The German battleship Bismarck, the most powerful warship(战舰) in the world, was moving out into the Atlantic Ocean. Her task: to destroy the ships supplies from the United Statesto war-tornEngland.

The British had feared such a task. No warship they had could match theBismarckin speed or in firepower. TheBismarckhad eight

15-inch guns and 81 small guns. She could move at 30 nautical(海上的) miles an hour. She was believed to be unsinkable.

However, the British had to sink her. They sent out a task force headed by their best battleship Hood to hunt down theBismarck. On May 24, the Hood found theBismarck.

It was a meeting that the German commander Luetjens did not want to see. His orders were to destroy the British ships that were carrying supplies, but to stay away from a fight with British warships.

The battle didn’t last long. The Bismarck’s first torpedo(鱼雷) hit the Hood, which went down taking all but three of her 4,419 men with her.

But in the fight, theBismarckwas slightly damaged. Her commander decided to run for repairs toFrance, which had at that time been taken by the speed and the heavy fog, they lost sight of her.

For two days, every British ship in the Atlantic tried to find theBismarck, but with no success. Finally, she was sighted by a plane from the air. TheBismarckwas hit.