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大学英语4试卷及参考答案

SIMULATED COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST

─Band Four─

(2003-11)

-1-

试卷一

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the

conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each

question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four

choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.

Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line

through the center.

Example: You will hear:

You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work

they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at

the office. Therefore, A) “At the office ” is the best answer. You should

choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the

center.

Sample Answer [A][B][C][D]

1. A) He'll help the woman move them.

B) He'll keep them for the woman.

C) He can carry them with one hand.

D) He has a few more of them for the woman.

2. A) He spends too much money.

B) He bought an expensive watch.

C) He really does like television.

D) He should watch more television.

3. A) It was not very good.

B) It will continue the following week.

C) The woman probably won't attend it.

D) There will be two seminars instead of four.

4. A) Three quarters of an hour.

B) Ten minutes.

C) Half an hour.

D) A quarter of an hour.

5. A) Get out of the car.

B) Pay the parking fine.

C) Take his coat off.

D) Make a right turn.

6. A) Professor and student.

B) Fellow students.

C) Fellow professors.

D) Librarian and student.

7. A) Give Marsha a check for the bookshelf she sold him.

B) Ask Marsha where she wants to put the bookshelf.

C) Check for the book on Marsha's shelf.

D) Ask Marsha if she has an extra bookshelf.

8. A) The cashier(出纳员)the hotel.

B) The receptionist at the front desk.

C) The hotel operator.

D) The bell telephone operator.

9. A) Near an art museum.

B) At a science exhibit.

C) At a news conference.

D) Near a paint store.

10. A) Because they are alike.

B) Because the man's briefcase has a lock.

C) Because the man's briefcase is smaller.

D) Because she doesn't have one.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single through the center.

Passage One

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) That they were unlimited.

B) That they were declining.

C) That they should be carefully conserved.

D) That they were exhaustible.

12. A) Sea resources decline more rapidly than other resources.

B) Fishing is important to industry.

C) Fish are an important food resource.

D) Fish are more threatened than other animals.

13. A) The decline would have no effect.

B) The decline would affect only Europe.

C) The decline would affect only America.

D) The decline would have a global effect.

Passage Two

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A) It's a friendly place.

B) It's a lively place.

C) It's a nice place for man to live.

D) It's a lifeless place.

15. A) They are usually the same.

B) They are always very low.

C) They can be very different.

D) They are usually very high.

16. A) Because there is no life there.

B) Because there is no air there.

C) Because there is no water there.

D) Because there is not a green tree there.

Passage Three

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A) Far away from the city.

B) Inside the city.

C) Near the city.

D) In the city center.

18. A) Traveling by bus or car.

B) Living in an expensive way.

C) Enjoying city life.

D) Finding places to live in.

19. A) Local advertisements.

B) Information agency.

C) Sunday newspaper.

D) Hotels.

20. A) When they are on holidays.

B) On Sunday mornings.

C) On Saturday night.

D) As soon as they have information.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

If women are mercilessly exploited year after year, they have only themselves to blame. Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out of fashion, they are always taken advantage of by the designers and the big stories. Clothes, which have been worn only a few tunes, have to be put aside because of the change of fashion. When you come to think of it, only a woman is capable of standing in front of a wardrobe packed full of clothes and announcing sadly that she has nothing to wear.

Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste. Many women spend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn. Women who cannot afford to throw away clothing in this way, waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have. Skirts are lengthened or shortened: necklines are lowered or raised, and so on.

No one can claim mat the fashion industry contributes anything really important to society. Fashion designers are rarely concerned with vital things like warmth, comfort and durability. They are only interested in outward appearance and they lake advantage of the fact that women will put up with any amount of discomfort, as long as they look right. There can hardly be a man who hasn't at some lime in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thin dress on a winter day, or delicately picking her way through deep snow in high--heeled shoes.

When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion, the conclusions to be

drawn are obvious. Do the constantly changing fashion of women's clothes, one wonders, reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability? Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers. Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stability and reliability? That is for you to decide.

21. What is the tone of the passage?

A) Criticizing

B) Praising

C) Matter-of-fact

D) Enthusiastic

22. According to the author, fashion is a thing that ____.

A) is neither a waste of money nor a waste of time

B) contributes something really important to the society

C) is practical

D) makes its followers suffer

23. Which of the implications about the last paragraph is TRUE?

A) Women are inconsistent and unstable.

B) Men are stable and reliable.

C) Dress cannot reflect a person's character.

D) Men are clever enough not to care about women's appearance.

24. This passage is most probably written____.

A) from a woman's point of view

B) from a man's point of view

C) by a woman

D) by a man

25. With regard to the whole passage, who are to blame for the quickly changing fashion industry?

A) Women themselves.

B) Fashion designers.

C) Big stores.

D) All of the above.

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

Marshall Field's, a department store in Chicago, has long used the motto: "Give the lady what she wants." Finding out what the customer wants is one of the problems marketing research tries to solve. Marketing research has been defined as trying to analyze marketing problems scientifically. It studies people as buyers and sellers, examining their habits, attitudes, preferences, dislikes, and purchasing power. It often

studies specific groups of people, such as teenagers, high-income groups, or senior citizens. Marketing research also investigates distribution systems, pricing, promotion, product design, packaging, brand names, and almost every aspect of the seller-buyer relationship.

Marketing research is divided into number of sub-areas. Advertising research attempts to find out the effectiveness of advertising. It also seeks to learn the best media for advertising specific products; television, newspapers, radio, magazines, billboards, and others. Market analysis tries to identify and measure markets for specific products and to estimate sales potential. Markets may be differentiated by population groups or by geography. Some types of clothing are more likely to sell in Florida and California than in the northern Midwest. Some cosmetics(化妆品)will appeal more to black customers than to white customers. Performance analysis helps a company learn how well it is meeting its goals of sales and profits. Product research covers the whole area of new-product development. Marketing research is an expensive undertaking, and its costs are built into the prices of products.

26. The distribution system aims to ____.

A) sell goods in markets

B) deliver products to different places

C) analyze products

D) produce and sell goods

27. As far as advertising is concerned, television ____.

A) is the best medium for direct advertising

B) is the best medium for indirect advertising

C) is a suitable medium only for certain goods

D) is the quickest and cheapest means of advertising

28. Sweaters produced for and sold to young women are examples of market differentiation according to ____.

A) age and education

B) population group

C) quality and size

D) gender and occupation

29. Performance analysis and product analysis differ in that ____.

A) the former aims to find out how a goal is met in a more efficient way

B) the former is to find out if the present performance is directed to the goal

C) the latter aims to find out how the present product is marketed

D) the latter aims to find out whether a product is being sold well

30. According to the last paragraph, the cost of marketing research ____.

A) is supplied by the producer and seller together

B) is met by increasing the price of the product

C) is too expensive to be met only by the producer

D) is high but the price of the product should be kept low

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

It is commonly believed in the United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.

Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling, Education knows no bounds. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or on the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a respected grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas schooling has certain predictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral (组成的) part of one's entire life.

Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, lake assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the workings of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.

31. What is the main idea of the passage?

A) Education and schooling are quite different experiences.

B) One can receive education everywhere; going to school is not a must.

C) The common belief that people go to school to get an education is wrong.

D) Schooling offers a limited section of formal training while education covers a vast field of informal training.

32. What does the author probably mean by “children interrupt their education to go to school”(Para.1)?

A) The more years students go to school, the worse their education is.

B) People are engaged in education the whole life.

C) Children go to school just to make trouble.

D) Schooling is not educationally beneficial.

33. The phrase "For example" in Para.3 introduces a sentence that gives examples of ____.

A) the slices of reality that are to be learned

B) the results of schooling

C) limitations of classroom teaching

D) the similarities of alt schools

34. Which of the following conclusions does the passage support?

A) Without formal education, people would remain ignorant.

B) Education systems need to be thoroughly reformed.

C) Education involves many years of competence training.

D) Going to school is only part of one's education.

35. The passage is written in the way of ____.

A) contrasting the meanings of two related words

B) giving examples of different kinds of education

C) listing and discussing several educational problems

D) providing facts to support an argument

Passage Four

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

Under normal conditions the act of communication requires the presence of at least two persons: one who sends and one who receives the communication. In order to communicate thoughts and feelings, there must be a conventional system of signs or symbols which mean the same to the sender and receiver.

The means of sending communications are too numerous and varied for systematic classification; therefore, the analysis must begin with the means of receiving communication. Reception of communication is achieved by our senses. Sight, hearing, and touch play the most important roles. Smell and taste play very limited roles, for they cannot receive intellectual expression from fully developed systems of signs and symbols.

Examples of visual communication are gesture and mimicry(模仿). Although both frequently accompany speech, there are systems that rely solely on sight, such as those used by deaf and dumb persons. Another means of communicating visually is by signals of fire, smoke, flags, or flashing lights. Feelings may be simply communicated by touch, such as by handshaking or backslapping, although a highly developed system of hand-stroking(抚摸手)has enabled blind, deaf, and dumb persons to communicate intelligently. Whistling to someone, applauding in a theater, and other forms of communication by sound rely upon the ear as a receiver. The most fully developed form of auditory communication is, of course, the spoken language.

The means of communication mentioned so far have two features in common:

they last only a short time, and the persons involved must be relatively close to each other. Therefore, all are restricted in time and space.

36. The author explains that he will deal with reception of communication first because ____.

A) communication actually takes place when the message is received

B) there are more means of receiving than of sending communications

C) reception of communications involves use of the senses

D) it is difficult to organize by the means of sending communications

37. Applauding is specifically mentioned as an example of ____.

A) communication by sound

B) gesture and mimicry

C) communication by touch

D) a simple system of visual communication

38. Persons who cannot see, hear, or speak are able to communicate through a system of ____.

A) gesturing

B) handshaking

C) hand-stroking

D) backslapping

39. The author specifically mentions that speech is ____.

A) often used when communicating by touch

B) the most developed form of communication based on hearing

C) the only highly developed system of communication

D) necessary for satisfactory communication by gesture

40. Which of the following statements about the ways of communicating ideas and feelings mentioned in the passage is NOT TRUE?

A) They can be used to communicate over long distances.

B) They require both a sender and a receiver.

C) They involve use of conventional signs and symbols.

D) They utilize the senses for reception.

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes) Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

41. Every one of us wishes to have good friends accompanying us life long, for true friends always ____each other.

A) agree with B) stick to

C) resort to D) fall out with

42. We dare not play jokes on Mr. Crane lest he ____ angry.

A) should become B) will become

C) becomes D) ought to become

43. Oscar is thought to be almost good-for-nothing but proves distinctive ____.

A) swimming B) swim

C) in swimming D) in swims

44. The committee held four sessions of discussion, but none were selected for the job. Therefore, she said she would work it out herself ____ wait for help.

A) and not to B) but not

C) rather than D) instead of

45. My mother ____ my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now.

A) has not received B) had not received

C) couldn't have received D) mustn't have received

46. I'd rather you ____ anything about it to anyone in the future.

A) won't say B) hadn't said

C) didn't say D) shouldn't say

47.You've wasted eight hours' time, ____the material.

A) to speak nothing of B) not to say of

C) to say nothing of D) needless to say

48. I'm afraid I've____ up too much of your time.

A) seized B) taken

C) spent D) used

49. The old man was so kind that he could be ___ murderer.

A) nothing but B) anything but

C) all but D) something but

50.Just because he failed once, it does not ____ that he will fail every time.

A) appear B) happen

C) seem D) follow

51. ____ all behavior is learned behavior is a basic assumption of social scientists.

A) Nearly B) That nearly

C) It is nearly D) When nearly

52. His very look drew ____ glances from the audience.

A) respective B) respect

C) respectful D) respectable

53. Ten years had passed, but I found she had ____.

A) few grey hairs B) a few grey hairs

C) some white hairs D) less white hair

54. A body weighs less ____ from the surface of the earth.

A) the farther it gets B) than it gets farther

C) the farther does it get D) than it, the farther it gets

55. Darkness ____, the young people lingered on merrymaking.

A) sets B) setting

C) act D )had set

56.1 didn't go to his party last night, because, ____, I changed my mind.

A) on a second thought B) by second thoughts

C) on the second thought D) on second thoughts

57. It's harmful to one's health to ____ smoking and drinking.

A) take on B) take to

C) take in D) take off

58.On the side of the hill, there is a ____, which was once the entrance to a gold mine.

A) deep hole in grounds B) deep hole in ground

C) hole deep in the ground D) deep in the ground hole

59. So fast ____ that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed.

A) light travel B) do light travel

C) travels the light D) does light travel

60. Japan is not very well understood in the West; ____ Westerners do know seems to be either extremely negative or extremely positive.

A) what B) that

C) as D) which

61. A few natural elements exist in ____ small quantities that they are rarely seen in their natural environments.

A) such B) very

C) so D) —

62. They have one hour to read the newspaper, ____ their ordinary work.

A) apart from B) far from

C) without D) free from

63. The patient is recovering soon. His disease is ____ treatment with drugs.

A) responsive to B) responsible for

C) subject to D) exposed to

64. Irrationally held ____ may be more _____than reasoned errors.

A) true, harmfulness B) truly, harmful

C) truth, harmful D) true, harmful

65. Hold your tongue, ____ you'll be sorry.

A) but B) or

C) and D) while

66. What was ____ that Jack bought from the department store yesterday?

A) those B) the

C) that D) it

67. They can't read, much less ____.

A) write B) writing

C) to write D) wrote

68. If economic conditions do not improve, ____.

A) unrest will be prevailing B) lack of rest will prevail

C) unrest will be widely spread out D) there will be widespread unrest

69. The football match was televised ____ from the Government Stadium.

A) alive B) live

C) life D) lively

70. Her voice ____ when he recounted that episode.

A) shivered B) quaked

C) quavered D) shook

Part IV Cloze (15 minutes) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful? This 71 called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy 72. During the hours when you 73 your work you may say that you're "hot". That's true. The time of day when you feel most 74 is when your cycle of body temperature is 75 its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For 76 it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it 77 such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: Get up John! You'll be late for work again! The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his 78 and energy peak in the evening. 79 family quarreling ends when husbands and wives realize 80 these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the 81 has.

You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life 82 it better. 83 can help, Dr. Kieitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must 84 late anyway. Counteract(对换) your cycle 85 by habitually staying up late than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have important job to do 86 in the day, 87 before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam and work better at your low point. Whenever possible, do 88 work in the afternoon and 89 tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your 90 hours.

71. A) might be B) must

C) need be D) can be

72. A) circle B) recycle

C) cycle D) crisis

73. A) go through B) see through

C) break through D) labor through

74. A) energetic B) active

C) strenuous D) idle

75. A) on B) at

C) over D) in

76. A) other B) another

C) one another D) others

77. A) owes to B) leads to

C) leads into D) attributes to

78. A) temper B) thought

C) temperature D) mood

79. A) Much B) Many

C) Such D) More

80. A) how B) that

C) which D) what

81. A) house B) family

C) home D) room

82. A) fit B) adapt

C) like D) look

83. A) Hobby B) Characteristic

C) Interest D) Habit

84. A) stay away B) stay out

C) stay at D) stay up

85. A) to extent B) to some extent

C) to the extent D) to an extent

86. A) early B) daily

C) yearly D) monthly

87. A) rise B) raise

C) arise D) arisen

88. A) usual B) routine

C) normal D) average

89. A) keep B) maintain

C) save D) hold

90. A) clearer B) harder

C) sharper D) easier

Part V Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Man and Animals. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outlines given below:

1.人与动物之间的密切关系

2.目前野生动物的生存状况

3.人类应当保护野生动物

Answer Sheet

Name Class Number Score

Part V Writing ( 1×15’)

Man and Animals

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Key to CET4(2003-11)

Part I Listening Comprehension (20×1’)

01—05 ACBDA 06—10 BDCAB 11—15 ADDDC 16—20 BACCB

Part II Reading Comprehension (20×2’)

21—25 ADCCD26—30 ACBBB 31—35 ABCDA 36—40 DACBA

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (30×0.5’)

41—45 BACCC 46—50 CCBBD 51—55 BCAAB 56—60 DBCDA 61—65 AAACB 66—70 DADBC

Part IV Cloze (20×0.5’)

71—75 ACDAB 76—80 DBCAD 81—85 BADDB 86—90 AABCC

Part V Writing ( 1×15’)

Man and Animals

Man and animals have been coexisting on this planet for many centuries. Ever since he appeared on the earth man has been depending on animals for many things, such as meat, fur and medical materials. Some clever animals like dogs and horses have long been man’s friends and good helpers in his daily life. On the other hand, animals have been depending on man for the protection of their habitat and their reproduction.

But the present condition of wildlife is discouraging. Their living space is becoming increasingly smaller as a result of environmental pollution and the destruction of forests. Owing to man’s capture and killing a lot of species have already died out, and many more are now on the verge of extinction. So the total number and species of wild animals are greatly reducing. If such state of affairs should continue, man would ultimately become the only creature on this planet.

Animals are part of the whole ecological system, and without them the balance of nature will be destroyed and man will not be able to live on. Therefore, some effective measures should be taken to protect wildlife. First, man should be more aware of the importance of protecting animals and loving those fellow creatures. Second, relevant laws should be made to punish those who cut down trees or kill animals at random.

Third, better living environments for wild animals, such as natural reservations and national parks, should be created. In short, the world won’t look so beautiful unless man and animals live in harmony forever.