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2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

IV. 完形填空(本题有1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从 A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

1. It was raining as my sister Jill and I ran out of the Church. We were eager(渴望)to get home and play with the(1)_______that Santa Claus had left for us.Across the street from the church was a gas station.It was(2)_______because workers went home for Christmas, but I noticed a family standing outside the door to keep dry. I(3)_______why they were there but then forgot about them as I had to keep up with ill.

When we got home, there was(4)_______ time to enjoy our presents. We had to go off to our grandparents' house for our Christmas(5)_______. While we drove down the highway through town, I noticed that the family was still there, standing outside the closed gas station. I saw that there were(6)_______ of them: the parents and three children﹣

﹣two girls and a small boy.My father rolled down his window and asked the man, "Are

you waiting for the(7)_______? "The man said they were."Well, you're getting wet standing here.Why don't you all (8)_______the car and I'll drive you up there."The man thought about it for a moment, and then they climbed into the car.They had(9)

_______with them, only the clothes they were wearing.

Once they sat down, my father(10)_______back over his shoulder and asked the children if Santa Claus had found them yet.Three(11)_______faces gave him their answer."Well, when I saw Santa this morning, he told me that he was having trouble finding you all, and he asked me(12)_______he could leave your toys at my

house.We'll first go and get them before I take you to the bus stop. "All at one, the three children's faces(13)_______up, laughing and chattering.

When we got out of the car at our house, the three children ran(14)_______the front door and straight to the toys that were under our Christmas tree. When leaving, my father invited them to join us for dinner, but the parents refused.

All this happened a long time ago, but the(15)_______of it remains clear. That was

the Christmas when my sisters and I learned the joy of making others happy.

(1)

A.food

B.candy

C.presents

D.books

(2)

A.open

B.closed

C.safe

D.clean

(3)

A.saw

B.knew

C.realized

D.wondered

(4)

A.hardly

B.still

C.almost

D.nearly

A.dessert

B.Breakfast

C.Lunch

D.dinner

(6)

A.three

B.four

C.five

D.six

(7)

A.bus

B.train

C.car

D.taxi

(8)

A.come out of

B.get into

C.ring up

D.look for

(9)

A.something

B.anything

C.everything

D.nothing

(10)

A.got

B.looked

C.went

D.called

(11)

A.happy

B.sad

C.angry

D.good

(12)

A.what

B.which

C.if

D.how

(13)

A.looked

B.turned

C.lighted

D.threw

(14)

A.through

B.for

C.with

D.on

(15)

A.story

B.experience

C.result

D.memory

V. 阅读理解(本题有4小题,每小题6分;共计30分)阅读下面材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

(1)The book includes________ parts.

A. 2

B. 4

C. 17

D. 233.

(2)The book will be useful if you go to________countries for a visit.

A. Asian

B. African

C. European

D. American.

(3)Between Page 19 and 35, you can get information about________.

A. hotels

B. customs

C. holidays

D. Languages.

3. Have you ever heard someone use the phrase "once in a blue moon"? People use this expression to describe something that they do not do very often. For example, someone might say that he tries not to eat sweets because they are unhealthy, but will eat chocolate "once in a blue moon". Or someone who does not usually like to go to the beach might say "I visit the shore once in a blue moon. "While many people use this phrase, not everyone knows the meaning behind it.

The first thing to know is that the moon itself is never really blue.This is just an expression.In fact, the phrase "blue moon" has to do with the shape of the moon, not the color.

As the moon travels around the earth, it appears to change shapes.We call certain names with certain shapes of the moon.For example, when we can see a small part of the moon, it is called a crescent moon.A crescent is a shape that looks like the tip (尖端) of a fingernail (指甲), When we cannot see the moon at all it is called a new moon. When

we can see the whole moon, it is called a full moon Usually, there is only one full moon every month.Sometimes, however, there will be two full moons in one month.When this happens, the second fill moon is called a "blue moon".

Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons.As you can see, a blue moon is a very rare(稀有的)event. ________has ked people to use the expression "once in a blue moon" to describe other very rare events in their lives.

(1)When does a blue moon happen in nature?________

A. When the moon has a blue color.

B. When we cannot see the moon at all

C. When there are two full moons in one month.

D. When we can only see a small part of the moon..

(2)Which of the following is another example of something that has a crescent shape?________

A. The letter "O".

B. The letter "M".

C. The letter "H".

D. The letter "C"..

(3)Which of the following would be a good example of using the phrase "once in a blue moon"?________

A. Simon often tells jokes. Simon tells jokes once in a blue moon.

B. Tom hardly remembers to do exercise. Tom does exercise once in a blue moon.

C. Mary likes to go shopping every weekend. Mary goes shopping once in a blue moon.

D. Cindy hates to stay up, but she stays up every day. Cindy stays up once in a blue moon..

(4)What does the underlined part "________" in the last paragraph refer to (所指)?________

A. A blue moon is a very rare event.

B. The moon itself is never really blue.

C. The moon appears to change shapes.

D. A blue moon has to do with the shape of the moon.

4. "BANG!" the door caused an echo. It was just standing there, with father standing on one side, and I on the other side.

We were both in great anger. "Never set foot in this house again!" shouted

father. With tears in my eyes, I rushed out of the flat and ran along the street. The street lights were shining, causing rather sad feeling. I wandered aimlessly.

A young father who held a child in his arms walked past me. I felt as if I saw my childhood from another space: happy and comfortable.

But now…I don't know whether it is because I have grown up or because d ad is getting old.We differ in our ways of thinking. He always puts his opinions on me.Whenever he does something wrong, he never accepts it. We are just like two people coming from two different worlds.It feels like there is an iron door between us that can never be opened.

I wandered the streets, without knowing where to go in mind.My heart was frozen on this hot summer night. As I walked on, there were fewer and fewer people on the streets, until I had only the street lights to keep me company.When I finally reached the high﹣rise apartment block in which I lived, I saw that the light was still on.

I thought to myself, "Is father waiting for me, or is he still angry with me? "

In fact it was nothing. Perhaps, dad was throwing away some of his old stamps.Perhaps he thought they were useless. I never told him that I liked collecting stamps.I couldn't stand his________words, "I can throw you away, let alone these old stamps. "

All the lights were off except father's. Dad was always like this.Maybe he didn't know how to express himself. After an argument he has the habit of creeping up in my sleep and hugging me.

The light was sill on. "Am I wrong? " I whispered, maybe.. With the key in hand, I was as nervous as I had ever been. At last, I decided to open the door. As soon as I opened

the door, tears ran down my cheeks. It suddenly realized that the iron door that I had imagined between us did not exist at all. Love﹣ it's second to none.

(1)What made the writer think of his childhood?________

A. The street lights.

B. The empty street.

C. Light in his own house.

D. A father with a child in his arms..

(2)The underlined word "________" in Paragraph 7 is the closest in meaning to________.A. unacceptable B. enjoyable C. relaxing D. helpful.

(3)Decide which is the best order of the following according to what happened in the passage.________a. I opened the door and entered the house.

b. Sadly I ran out into the street.

c. I reached the place where I lived and saw my house still brightly lit.

d. I walked around the street without any aim.

A. b, c, d, a

B. b, d, c, a

C. b, d, a, c

D. b, a, d, c.

(4)What do you think of the relationship between the writer and father according to the passage?________

A. The writer hates the father very much.

B. The father and the writer often agree with each other.

C. The father is neither kind nor bad to the writer.

D. The father is actually kind to the writer.

5. All of us know that smoking does harm to our health. But do you think everything will be OK as long as you stop smoking?

Unluckily, the answer is NO.

New research has found that even if you give up smoking, the damage(损害)it has done to your genes(基因) will stay there for a much longer time. In the research, a team of US scientists studied the blood of 16, 000 people. Among them, some were smokers, some used to smoke, and the rest were non﹣smokers. Scientists compared their genes and found that more than 7, 000 genes of smokers had changed﹣a number that is one﹣third of known human genes.

According to NBC News, both heart disease and cancer are caused by genetic changes. Some people might have had the changes when they were born, but most people get them in their daily lives while doing things like smoking.

When you stop smoking, a lot of these genes will return to normal within five years. This means your body is trying to heal(治愈)itself which smoking brings. But the changes in some of the genes stay for longer, they can stay for as long as 30 years. It's almost like leaving a footprint on wet cement (水泥)﹣it will always be there, even when you've walked away and when the cement becomes dry.

Although the study results may make people unhappy, there is a bright side: the findings could help scientists invent medicine to treat genetic damage caused by smoking or find ways to tell which people have heart disease or cancer risks.

(1)Paragraph I is written to________.

A. give an example

B. explain the main idea of the passage

C. make an argument

D. introduce the topic of the passage.

(2)How many genes does a person have according to the passage?________

A. About 2,300.

B. About 3,500.

C. About 21,000.

D. About 28,000..

(3)Most genetic changes happen because of________.

A. people's bad living habits

B. environmental pollution

C. people's condition at birth

D. heart disease and cancer.

(4)Which of the following statements is TRUE?________

A. The findings are the fruit of less than three years' research.

B. The findings help to find medicine to treat the genetic damage caused by smoking.

C. The findings tell readers smoking is not so bad for people's health.

D. The findings offer evidence (证据) that a damaged gene can heal itself easily.

VI. 任务型阅读(本题有1小题,每小题5分;共计5分)我们每天要面对各种学习任务,请仔细阅读以下四段材料,从A、B、C、D中选择最佳小标题.

6. As you know, homework is a big part of going to school. Luckily, here are several suggestions for you to make homework easy.

(1)________

(2)________

(3)________

(4)________Sometimes even though you are listening carefully in class, some subjects seem too hard. The first person to ask for help is your teacher. Your classmates may also be able to give you a hand.

However, this might not give you the results you want. Lots of people understand something well but are not able to explain it.

A. Take a break

B. Watch where you work

C. Make a homework plan

D. Get help when you need it.

(5)In which part of a newspaper may you read the material above?________

A. Travel Guide.

B. Sports News.

C. Story.

D. Learning Tips.

VII. 词汇运用(本题有15小题,每小题1分;共计15分)A. 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式,每空只写一词.

7. With hard work, we can solve the problem by________ (我们自己).

8. I made all the________(决定)all by myself from the age of thirteen, and no one helped me.

9. I didn't sleep well yesterday because the heavy rain beat________(碰,撞)the windows all night.

10. Our library is in the________(西方的)part of the classroom building.

11. Tom always________ (鼓励)me to keep trying every time I want to give up.

12. If you're like most people, you might have trouble________(控制)your weight.

13. The Sahara is the biggest________(沙漠)in the world.

14. There is no time to________(浪费), so here we go.

15. We all know that Mr. Jones is the________(主人) of the supermarket.

16. Look at the children! Only ten have________(成功)in the game, but some are still trying.

B. 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次.

17.

2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

The weather in Ningbo seems not to be clear four seasons.It becomes either too hot or too cold.Some visitors have headaches and(1)________very often. Many volunteers go to hospitals to help(2)________people to see doctors easily. For example, they help some blind people to check in and help people to take a temperature when they have a fever.(3)________to their kindness, we can depend(4)________each other.It makes communication much easier among strangers.To tell the(5)________,I helped some strangers in the hospital recently and I felt excited when they thanked me.

VIII. 语法填空(本题有1小题,每小题10分;共计10分)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空.

18. As the saying goes, "A hero is known in the time of misfortune(不幸)". Zhong Nanshan is a hero(1)________this. He is a doctor in Guangdong, who saved many people's(2)________ (life) in 2003.

In 2003, SARS broke out in Guangdong Later, it spread across China and other parts (3)________ the world.Patients coughed a lot and got fevers. Hundreds of patients even(4)________(die) from the disease.Even many doctors and nurses got SARS when they treated patients. So everyone was afraid of it.(5)________, Zhong was brave enough

to fight the disease. Zhong spent days and nights(6)________(find)the cause of the disease, And with his way of treating, many patients began to get better. Zhong finally won people's trust.

In early 2020,(7)________terrible disease called Novel Coronavirus pneumonia(新型冠状病毒肺炎)hit Wuhan. It spread quickly and around tens of thousands of Chinese people were infected(感染).Zhong, 84,(8)________ (lead) his team to Wuhan to fight the illness.Zhong's team took many ways to help the patients with Novel Coronavirus pneumonia. He advised people to wear masks, wash hands frequently(频

繁地), stay at home and not to go to crowded places. Zhong likes sports very much.(9)________he was 67, he could till play basketball.

Now at the age of 84, Zhong still treats patients in the hospital and(10)________ (teach) young doctors. "I am just a doctor. "Zhong says. But we think he is a hero

and a fighter.

IX. 书面表达(本题有1小题;共计 20分)

19. 暑假即将到来,校英语周刊邀请你写一篇文章,请根据下面的表格提示,谈谈如

何过一个有意义的假期.

2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

注意:

(1)短文必须包括所有要点,并适当发挥;

(2)文中不得出现真实的人名和校名;

(3)词数:80﹣100;

(4)短文首句仅供参考,不计入总词数.

短文首句: Summer vacation is coming soon and we can do a lot of meaningful

things. Here is some of my advice.

________________.

参考答案与试题解析

2019-2020学年浙江省宁波市奉化区八年级(下)期末英语试卷

IV. 完形填空(本题有1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从 A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

1.

【答案】

C

B

D

A

D

C

A

B

D

B

B

C

C

A

D

V. 阅读理解(本题有4小题,每小题6分;共计30分)阅读下面材料,从每题所给

的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

2.

【答案】

B

C

A

3.

【答案】

C

D

B

A

4.

【答案】

D

B

D

5.

【答案】

D

C

A

B

VI. 任务型阅读(本题有1小题,每小题5分;共计5分)我们每天要面对各种学习任务,请仔细阅读以下四段材料,从A、B、C、D中选择最佳小标题.

6.

【答案】

C

B

A

D

D

VII. 词汇运用(本题有15小题,每小题1分;共计15分)A. 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式,每空只写一词.

7.

【答案】

ourselves

8.

【答案】

decisions

9.

【答案】

against

10.

【答案】

western

11.

【答案】

encourages

12.

【答案】

controlling

13.

【答案】

desert

【答案】

waste

15.

【答案】

owner

16.

【答案】

succeeded

B. 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次.

17.

【答案】

toothaches,disabled,Thanks,on,truth

VIII. 语法填空(本题有1小题,每小题10分;共计10分)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空.

18.

【答案】

like,lives,of/in,died,However,finding,a,led,Although/Thouh,teaches

IX. 书面表达(本题有1小题;共计 20分)

19.

【答案】

How to Have a Meaningful Vacation

Summer vacation is coming soon and we can do a lot of meaningful things. Here is some of my advice.(点题)

First of all, we can start an exercise program to keep healthy. For example, we can run every morning. It's good exercise. Swimming is also a good choice. Second, we can do something special by working as a volunteer.【高分句型一】 It's really nice to help others in different ways. We can visit old people's home or help out in the Children's Hospital.(如何过一个有意义的假期)

In my opinion, it's also important for us to spend time on our self﹣improvement.【高分句型二】Always remember to make a weekly plan for schoolwork. Hobbies do help,too. So start to take up a new hobby. These can make us a better person.(我的观点)

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