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语音学与语言学作练习集(带答案)

语言学复习习题集

P a r t O n e Ex e r ci s es fo r P h o n et i c s

I. Fill in the blanks

1.________ phonetics studies the movement of the vocal organs of producing the sounds of speech.

2: Speech takes place when the organs of speech move to produce patterns of sound.

These movements have an effect on the _________ coming from the lungs.

3 . Consonant sounds can be either_________ or_________, while all vowel sounds

are_________.

4. Consonant sounds can also be made when two organs of speech in the mouth are

brought close together so that the air is pushed out between them, causing _________..

5. The qualities of vowels depend upon the position of the _________ and the tips.

6. One element in the description of vowels is the part of the tongue which is at the highest point in the mouth. A second element is the_________ to which that part of the tongue is raised.

7. Consonants differ from vowels in that the latter are produced without_________.

8. In phonological analysis the words fail-veil are distinguishable simply because of the two phonemes/f/-/v/_________.

9. In English there are a number of _________, which are produced by moving from one vowel position to another through intervening positions.

10 _________refers to the phenomenon of sounds continually show the influence of their neighbours.

11. _________ is the smallest linguistic unit.

12. According to_________, when there is a choice as to where to place a consonant, it is put into the onset rather than the coda.

II . Choose the best an
swer.

II . Choose the best answer.

13. Pitch variation is known as _________ when its patterns are imposed on sentences.

A. intonation

B. tone

C. pronunciation

D. voice

14. Conventionally a_________ is put in slashes.

A. allophone

B. phone

C. phoneme

D. morpheme

15. An aspirated p, an unaspirated p and an unreleased p are _________ of the p phoneme.

A. analogues

B. tagmemes

C. morphemes

D. allophones

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