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【英语】中考英语阅读理解压轴题分类汇编1

【英语】中考英语阅读理解压轴题分类汇编1

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

The Folk Art Show The best chance to learn about local art and culture. Open: October 20-25 Organizer: City Museum Address: 110 Century Road Telephone: 72314431 Scan the QR code (扫描二维码)to get more information and book tickets. The City Flower Show

Open: October 8-17

Price: ¥50 for each adult; ¥25 for each child; free under the age of 10; 20% off for groups over 10.

Address: 112 New Town Road, Moonlight City

Telephone: 53418899

Visit www. flowersforlife.com for more information.

Camp of Folk Art Would you like to learn paper cutting, Huangmei opera or to make paper flowers?

Come to Camp of Folk Art at the Youth Center!

Age: 13 to 18

Time: December 13-20 For more information, call the Youth Center at (010)11062107. Pop Music Week

Bands from home and abroad will give performances in Sunshine

Park. Local bands and DJs from the local radio station are waiting

to share music with fans. It is a good chance for you to make

friends with similar hobbies.

Price: ¥30-¥50

Time: 9: 00 a. m. -9: 00 p. m. , December 21-27

A. an e-mail from City Museum

B. more information about the Folk Art Show

C. a ticket to the museum for free

D. a gift from the City Museum

(2)Tommy is a 9-year-old boy. He wants to visit the City Flower Show with his parents. How much will they pay?

A. ¥25.

B. ¥100.

C. ¥125.

D. ¥150.(3)If Jane wants to learn to make paper flowers, she should go to ____.

A. Century Road

B. New Town Road

C. the Youth Center

D. Sunshine Park (4)Phillip, 20 years old, is NOT allowed to go to ____.

A. the City Flower Show

B. Camp of Folk Art

C. the Folk Art Show

D. Pop Music Week (5)____ lasts for the fewest days.

A. The City Flower Show

B. Camp of Folk Art

C. The Folk Art Show

D. Pop Music Week

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)C

(4)B

(5)C

【解析】【分析】本文是几个活动的广告。

(1)细节题。根据第一个信息栏Scan the QR code (扫描二维码)to get more information and book tickets.可知,通过扫描二维码,你可以得到更多关于民间艺术展的信息,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第二个信息栏Price: ¥50 for each adult; ¥25 for each child; free under the age of 10; 20% off for groups over 10价格:每位成人50元人民币;每个孩子25元;10岁以下免费可知,汤米是一个9岁的男孩,免费,他的父母票价是50*2=100,他们三个付100元,故选B。

(3)推理题。根据Would you like to learn paper cutting, Huangmei opera or to make paper flowers?Come to Camp of Folk Art at the Youth Center你想学剪纸、黄梅戏还是做纸花?来青年中心的民间艺术夏令营吧,可知如果简想学做纸花,她应该去青年中心,故选C。

(4)推理题。根据民间艺术营地的信息Age: 13 to 18,可知适合年龄是13-18岁,故20岁的菲利普不允许去民间艺术营地,故选B。

(5)推理题。根据民间艺术营地的信息Time: December 13-20可知,民间艺术展持续最少的几天,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

2.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

B

People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. So how do we deal with our problems? There are many ways and here is one of them

Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. Perhaps they said something you didn't like, or you felt they were unfair. Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost.

When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together. Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other. However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us to learn.(1)What is the writer?

A. A shopkeeper.

B. A doctor.

C. A student.

D. A dentist.

(2)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. How to deal with problems.

B. How to do at school.

C. How to behave with families.

D. How to talk to each other.

(3)What will happen if people stay angry for long according to the text?

A. They feel unfair.

B. They may get sick.

C. Good friendship may be lost.

D. They may miss each other.

(4)Children decide not to talk to each other probably because_______.

A. they become unhappy

B. they have different ideas

C. they worry about a small problem

D. they want disagreements

(5)From the passage, we know an important lesson for us is

A. playing together

B. learning to forget

C. staying angry

D. feeling unfair

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】人与人之间难免会有磕磕碰碰,相处的时候出现了问题怎么办?本文告诉我们怎样处理与人相处时的问题。

⑴推理判断l.根据第一段Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. 可知作者是一个学生。不是店主、医生或牙医。故选C。

⑵主旨大意。根据文章第一段People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. 可知问题讨论如何处理问题,故选A。

⑶根据Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost可知为小事长时间生气会失去好朋友。故选C。

⑷根据 Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other.可知小孩不说话是因为他们有分歧。故选B。

⑸归纳总结。根据最后一句话This is an important lesson for us to learn. 可知长时间生气不好,所以要学会遗忘。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.阅读与回答问题。

CCTV reported that every year Chinese people throw away a lot of food which can feed 200 million people for a year.

Do we have too much food? Of course not. According to the UN World Food Programme,

there were 900million hungry people all over the world in 2013. About six million children die of hunger every year.

So think about it. We should say no to people who waste food every day. An old saying goes, “Every grain on the plate comes from hard work.” It tells us everybody must save food.

Luckily, a number of people have realized the importance of saving food. Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover(剩余的) food home for her son. But many people were by her side and criticized (批评) the waste of food.

What should we do in our daily life to stop wasting food? We can do many things to prevent it from happening. Here are some tips:

Don't order too much food in a restaurant. Only order as much as you can eat. If you can't eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.

Don't be too picky(挑剔的) about food. Some food may not be tasty, but put body need it. Don't keep too much food at home, especially for fruit and vegetables.

(1)How many hungry people were there over the world in 2013?

(2)Why did Li Hong lose her job?

(3)What should you do if you can’t eat all the food you ask for?

(4)Can you keep too much food at home?

(5)What's the main idea of the passage?

【答案】(1)About 900 million

(2)Because she took some leftover food home for her son.

(3)I/We can take the rest of it home.

(4)No, I/We can't.

(5)The reasons we can't waste food and the ways to stop wasting food.

【解析】【分析】据联合会世界粮食计划署的报告,2013年世界上仍然有9亿人在挨饿。因此我们不要再浪费粮食了。文中给了一些关于节约粮食的建议。

⑴细节理解。根据第二段第二句there were 900million hungry people all over the world in 2013.可知答案是About 900 million

⑵细节理解。根据第三段第二句Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover(剩余的)food home for her son. 可知答案是Because she took some leftover food home for her son.

⑶细节理解。根据第第六段If you can’t eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.所以答案是:I/We can take the rest of it home.

⑷细节理解。根据最后一段Don’t keep too much food at home, especially for fruit and vegetables. 可知回答应该是:No, I/We can't.

⑸主旨大意。本文讲述了世界上有很多人在挨饿,我们不要浪费粮食以及节约粮食的具体做法。故答案是:The reasons we can't waste food and the ways to stop wasting food.

【点评】任务型阅读的关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言填写答案。在文章中找不到答案时,要完全理解句子,根据同义词,句型转换的方式找到可以替换文章中的单词,短语或者句子的词。

4.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

A

Shirley Temple, the once-famous child movie star, died at the age of 85 on February 10, 2014. She was born on April 23, 1928. She was good at acting and dancing. In 1934, she starred(主演) in the movie Bright Eyes. From then on she became famous around the world. Later she starred in other movies and won a Juvenile Oscar in February, 1935.

For many Americans born in the 1930s and 1940s, Temple was not just an on-screen star but also a close friend in their childhood. She was remembered by the world as “little angle” for all time. An American movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).”

Shi Li and Cui Jiping are husband and wife. They are disabled. They completed the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的) dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.

The dictionary includes words on medicine, education, psychology, law, history and culture about deaf people's life. This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.

They spent six years and over 1,000,000 yuan on the book. They first collected material for the book by themselves, then they invited a lot of experts across the country to write.

The book is warmly welcomed by the deaf. One of the readers said, “The book shows that we're not alone. We can have our own way to communicate with the world. ”

(1)From the passage we know that Temple .

A. won a Juvenile Oscar for Bright Eyes

B. began to star in her first movie when she was ten

C. was not an on-screen star

D. was encouraging during the Great Depression

(2)According to the passage, Shi Li and Cui Jiping .

A. are disabled people full of love

B. wrote many famous books

C. finished the book by themselves

D. live a very hard and poor life

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about the book?

A. It is the first world encyclopedic dictionary.

B. Deaf people can know about the world more easily with the help of it.

C. It took them sixteen years to finish the book.

D. It includes medicine and art about the life of deaf people.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文报道了名人Shirley Temple、Shi Li and Cui Jiping的事迹。Temple曾经著名的儿童电影明星,在1935年2月获得了少年奥斯卡奖,在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple鼓励着整个国家。Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。

(1)细节理解题。根据An America n movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).”可知在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple 鼓励着整个国家,故选D。

(2)推理判断题。根据They are disabled. They complete the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的)dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.可知Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。故推断他么那是在帮助这些残疾人,是有爱心的,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.可知这本书为这群特殊人群提供了一个学习工具,并且帮助他们更容易地了解世界。故选B。

5.根据短文理解选择正确答案。

C

If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into a clever person.

A team of scientists from Ohio State University did experiments on 33 volunteers who were getting better from heart disease after operations. They found those volunteers who exercised while listening to Italian musician Antonio Vivaldi's The Four Seasons did much better on language ability tests than without music. It is also used in medical fields for patients who have had head hurts because of its moderate tempo (舒缓的节拍).

“Exercise seems to cause positive changes in the nerve (神经) system and these changes may improve the learning ability of people with heart disease,” said the psychologist Charles Emery, who led the study. “And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding. We just wanted to put the two results together,” he added.

The volunteers said they felt better emotionally and physically after exercising with or without music. But their improvement on the test doubled after listening to music during exercise.

Scientists have proved that music can be good for health and education. It helps reduce stress and sadness, encourage relaxation or sleep, wake up the body and improve memory and thoughts.

Scientists have been studying the results of exercise to music on learning and understanding since the early 1950s. A study showed that students who listened to Mozart's violin pieces and exercised went on to get higher marks in an IQ test. With important exams drawing near, your parents will not probably allow you to listen to music or play sports. But perhaps now you have good reasons to argue with them.

(1)What does the underlined word enhance mean?

A. produce

B. provide

C. improve

D. impress

(2)From the last paragraph we can learn that .

A. you should follow your parents' words

B. you have some good reasons to join in an IQ test

C. good marks depend on listening to music and excising

D. exercise to music might help you get higher grades in tests

(3)Which of the following statements is true?

A. Music helps volunteers get better from heart disease.

B. Exercise is used for people with head hurts.

C. Exercise causes no changes in health without music.

D. Music can help you relax and feel energetic.

(4)What might be the best title of the passage?

A. Exercise to Music

B. Music and study

C. Importance of Music

D. Studies on Exercise

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了多听音乐可以提高我们的学习能力,可以让我们更健康,有聪明,说明了音乐的重要作用。

(1)词义猜测。根据本段第一句“Facts suggest that exercise improves the learning ability of people with heart disease,”说明音乐可以提高那些患病的人的学习能力,说明And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding.中的enhance是指提高,增强的意思。produce 生产;provide提供;improve提高;impress给……留下印象。故C正确。

(2)细节理解。根据文章倒数3,4行A study showed students who listened to Mozart went on to score higher marks in an intelligence test.说明多听音乐可能让人在智力测试中得到高分,说明D项正确。

(3)细节理解。根据倒数第二段Scientists have proved that music can be good for health and education. It helps reduce stress and sadness, encourage relaxation or sleep, wake up the body and improve memory and thoughts可知音乐可以减少压力,让人放松,唤醒身体,提高记忆等,故选D。

(4)主旨大意。本文第一句If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into a clever person是文章的中心句,下文都是围绕第一句进行阐述,故选A。

【点评】本文主要讲述的是音乐的重要作用,需要考生在阅读的时候有足够的耐心。要养成在上下文串联中猜测词义的能力,根据上下文中出现的同义词,近义词,反义词,以及词义的解释来理解生词。同时要抓住文章的中心,不要受其他信息的影响。要根据题目及选项以及文章的上下文串联合理的判断推理。

6.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

A

A well-known old man was being interviewed and was asked if it was correct that he had just celebrated his ninety-ninth birthday.

“That's right.” said the old man. “Ninety-nine years old, and I haven't an enemy in the world. They're all dead.”

“Well, sir,” said the interviewer, “I hope very much to have the honour of interviewing you on your hundredth birthday.”

The old man looked at the young man closely, and said, “I can't see why you shouldn't look fit and healthy to me!”

(1)The old man said he had not an enemy in the world, which shows that he was a very _______.

A. friendly man---- he never made any enemies.

B. healthy man---- he lived longer than all his enemies

C. lucky man---- his enemies had all died

D. terrible man---- he killed all his enemies

(2)When the interviewer said that he hoped very much to have the honour of interviewing the old man again the following year, ________.

A. he was trying to make the old man happy

B. he wished he himself would live another year

C. he did not believe the old man would live to be one hundred

D. he did not believe he would interview the old man again

(3)When the old man said, “I can't see why you shouldn't”, what he meant was _____________.

A. “You must try to live another year to interview me again next year.”

B. “Of course you can see me again since you're so fit and healthy.”

C. “If I live to a hundred years, you should interview me again.”

D. “Unless you live another year, you wouldn't be able to interview me again.”

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文讲一个高龄老人的语言智慧。

(1)细节理解。根据老人说I haven’t an enemy in the world. They’re all dead.可知老人是一个健康的人,他的敌人都死了。故选B。

(2)推理判断。根据句中的词hope;have the honour of等可知记者是祝愿老人健康长寿,故选A。

(3)推理判断。本句的意思是:我实在看不出你为什么会认为没有机会再采访我,你看起来还象我一样健康着呢。记者本是好意祝愿老人长寿,但是听起来好像是老人活不过一百岁似的。老人用开玩笑的方式来缓和记者说错话的尴尬。故选B。

【点评】故事类阅读要紧扣故事的时间线索,人物间的关系,故事的发展和结局,点明的主旨等信息。答题时注意问题中的关键词在文章中的准确定位,根据关键词查找信息,切忌主观臆断,凭感觉做题

7.阅读理解

Once there was an emperor. He had a beautiful garden. In the garden, there was a little nightingale(夜莺) singing very beautifully.

One day, the emperor heard about this little bird's beautiful voice. He asked his guards to bring her to him. When the emperor heard the nightingale's voice, he said, "Put her in a golden cage, so she can stay and sing for me whenever I want to hear her."

The little bird was so unhappy about being kept in the cage that she stopped singing one day. The emperor was very angry. He ordered the scientists in his palace to make a robot bird for him. The bird could sing very beautifully too. The emperor was pleased.

Soon the robot bird became old. It no longer sang beautiful songs. Just at that time, the emperor was ill and he became very weak. One morning, while lying in bed, the emperor wanted it to sing once again. But the robot bird could not sing any more. Suddenly, the nightingale landed on the window. She began to sing her most beautiful song. The emperor was very happy! He became better and better each day.

After the emperor was well, he changed a lot and became kind to his people. From then on, all his people cherished(爱戴) him for his love and kindness.

(1)Why did the little bird stop singing?

A. Because she was ill.

B. Because she was not free.

C. Because she was hungry.

D. Because she was too excited.

(2)What made the emperor become better and better?

A. The robot's beautiful voice.

B. His men's voice.

C. The little bird's nice dance.

D. The little bird's beautiful song.

(3)According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. A little nightingale lived in the emperor's beautiful garden.

B. The nightingale went on singing songs for the emperor after she was kept in a cage.

C. One day, the robot bird was broken and it couldn't sing.

D. The emperor gave up listening to songs after he got sick.

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. If we keep a bird, we can enjoy the beautiful songs.

B. Don't make a robot because it can get broken easily.

C. A bird can help people get away from illness.

D. If we are kind to someone, he or she will be also kind to us.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了国王因为小夜莺动听的歌声把小鸟关在笼子里,结果小鸟难过不再唱歌,国王让科学家做了一只机器小鸟,一天机器小鸟也不唱歌了,国王病了,原来的小鸟唱了最动听的歌,国王变得越来越好了,并且变得对他的人民友好了。

(1)细节题。根据The little bird was so unhappy about being kept in the cage that she stopped singing one day.可知小鸟被关在笼子里不高兴,所以停止唱歌,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Suddenly, the nightingale landed on the window. She began to sing her most beautiful song. The emperor was very happy! He became better and better each day.可知小鸟动听的歌曲让国王好起来,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据In the garden, there was a little nightingale(夜莺)singing very beautifully.可知小夜莺住在花园里,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据全文可知国王在小夜莺的帮助下慢慢好起来,最终对人民友好,所以我们可以学到如果我们对他人友好,他人也会对我们友好,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

8.阅读理解

Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members don't know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers or sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas.

It is important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking to each other on the phone. The communication is very important in children's growth, because friends can discuss some things that are difficult to say to their family members.

However, parents often try to choose their children's friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends.

Have you ever thought of the following questions?

Who chooses your friends? Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you? Have you got a good friend your parents don't like? Your answers are welcome.

(1)Many teenagers think that can understand them better.

A. friends

B. brothers

C. sisters

D. parents

(2) is very important to teenagers.

A. To make children choose friends

B. Communicating with their friends

C. To stop making friends

D. Making phone calls

(3)When teenagers have something difficult to say to their parents, they usually .

A. stay alone at home

B. fight with their parents

C. discuss with their friends

D. go to their brothers or sisters for help

(4)The underlined sentence "Your answers are welcome." means" ".

A. You are welcome to discuss the questions with us.

B. Your answers are always right.

C. We've got no idea, so your answers are welcome.

D. You can give us all the right answers.【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:许多青少年认为他们生活中最重要的人是他们的朋友。他们相信他们的家人不像他们的朋友那样了解他们。在大家庭里,兄弟姐妹经常互相打架,然后他们只能去朋友那里寻求一些想法。对青少年来说,有一个好朋友或一群朋友是很重要的。即使他们没有和朋友在一起,他们也经常花很多时间打电话。交流他们的感受。然而,父母往往会为孩子选择朋友。有些父母甚至可能阻止他们的孩子去见他们的好朋友。你想过下列问题吗?谁选择你的朋友?你选择你的朋友还是你的朋友选择你?你有父母不喜欢的好朋友吗?欢迎回答。

(1)细节理解题,根据They believe that their family members don't know them as well as their friends do.可知,年轻人认为朋友们能更好的理解他们,故答案是A。

(2)细节理解题,根据The communication is very important in children's growth,可知,对于年轻人来说,与朋友交流时很重要的,故答案是B。

(3)细节理解题,根据friends can discuss some things that are difficult to say to their family members.可知,年轻人跟自己的朋友谈一些难以对父母讨论的问题,故答案是C。(4)句意猜测题,根据短文内容可知,本句话的意思是我们欢迎你的回答来讨论这些问题,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和句意猜测提。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;句意猜测题则需要结合前后文来理解句子深层次的意思。

9.阅读理解

Humans have learnt many things from nature. These things have helped us in our daily life. The

latest thing is self-repairing clothing.

Scientists have developed a special way for clothing to repair rips and tears by itself, without the need for sewing. It works with materials such as cotton, linen and wool. The scientists are from the Naval Research Office and Pennsylvania State University in the USA. Scientists Dr Walter Dressick and Dr Melik Demirel looked at how a squid can cling on to things so well. The research team found a protein in the rings of teeth that cover the suckers on a squid. The protein is similar to the one found in the silk that spiders use to make spider webs. It is very strong and elastic.

The new protein has been developed as part of a coating, which is put on clothes. When the coating is dipped in water, the area around the rip or tear joins together in less than a minute. This could help clothes last longer and save money for us. It could also be useful for military and survival clothes. People like soldiers and mountaineers would be safer if they had clothes that could be repaired quickly and easily. Professor Demirel spoke about the invention. He said," The coatings are thin, less than a micron, so they wouldn't be noticed in everyday wear." Then he added, "Even thin, they increase the overall strength of the material. For the first time, we are making self-healing textiles."

(1)From what have humans learnt a lot?

A. Books.

B. Nature.

C. Scientists.

D. Clothing.

(2)What is NOT needed for the self-repairing clothes to fix themselves?

A. Tears.

B. Cotton.

C. Sewing.

D. Glue.

(3)What's the Chinese meaning of the underlined words "is similar to"?

A. 与……相同

B. 与……不同

C. 与……相似

D. 与……一样(4)The passage is about .

A. the new protein

B. the coating

C. humans

D. the spider

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了最新的发明——自我修复衣服。

(1)细节题。根据Humans have learnt many things from nature.人类已经从大自然里学了许多东西,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Scientists have developed a special way for clothing to repair rips and tears by itself, without the need for sewing.可知是不需要缝,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据句子可知这种蛋白质与蜘蛛用来制作蜘蛛网的丝中的蛋白质相似。be similar to,和……相似,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据The new protein has been developed as part of a coating,可知主要讲了新型蛋白质,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

10.阅读理解

I felt very sad not to be able to get the ticket to the film Titanic last Friday. I learned in the

newspaper that tickets could be bought at the cinema box office in Richland Hills every day between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. Because I work from 9:00 a.m.to 5:30 p.m., the only time I could go to the cinema was during my 45-minute lunch time. It is a pity that the cinema is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky, you can make the round(往返)trip in 45 minutes.

Last Monday I stood at the bus stop for fifteen minutes, waiting for a bus. By the time I saw one coming around the corner, there was not enough time left to make the trip-so I had to go back to the office. The same thing happened on Wednesday. On Thursday my luck changed, I got on a bus right away and arrived at the cinema in twenty minutes. But when I got there, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for fifty-five minutes.

I found that I would not have enough time to wait in line. I caught the next bus and went back across the town.

Then on Friday I understood my only hope was to make the trip by car. It was not cheap, but I felt it would be worthwhile to see the film. The trip by car only took 10 minutes, but it felt like one hour to me. When I reached the cinema, I was delighted to see that nobody was waiting in line. But I quickly found out that it was because they had already sold out all the tickets.

(1)It seems that the writer of the story works .

A. in a small town

B. in Richland Hills

C. on a farm near the town

D. at a bus service centre

(2)The writer tried to go to the cinema to buy a ticket, but he really go there .

A. five times

B. four times

C. three times

D. twice

(3)The underlined word "delighted" means" ".

A. sure

B. sorry

C. surprised

D. pleased

(4)What's the best title for the story?

A. How to get a ticket

B. Tickets sold out

C. A wonderful film

D. The way to the cinema

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者坐公交车去城镇买电影票时发现票已经全部卖完。

(1)细节题。根据It is a pity that the cinema is on the other side of the town可知遗憾的是电影院在城镇的另一边,所以作者在一个小城镇工作,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据The same thing happened on Wednesday. On Thursday my luck changed, I got on a bus right away and arrived at the cinema in twenty minutes.星期三也发生了同样的事情。星期四我的运气变了,我马上上了公共汽车,二十分钟后到了电影院,所以作者去了两次,故选D。

(3)推断题。根据nobody was waiting in line可知没人排队买票,所以作者是高兴的,delighted意思是高兴的,即pleased,故选D。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者坐公交车去城镇买电影票时发现票已经全部卖

完,故选B 。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

Boston Children's Museum is the second oldest children's museum in the United States. It has been teaching children with a huge collection of objects (可触摸的实物) since 1913. Here's a list of some interesting exhibits in the museum. Arthur &. Friends This exhibit features the characters (人物) from Marc Brown's books and the television series. Children can learn and play in the Read Family Kitchen, Mr Ratburn's Classroom and the Backyard Sleepover. Art Studio Art Studio is a place where children and their parents can create art together. The Common The Common is a place where visitors can experience light shows, musical chairs, a gigantic checkers game and many other activities. Japanese House Japanese House is a real two-storey house from Kyoto, Japan, Boston's Japanese sister city. Visitors can learn about 'Japanese family life, culture, art and seasonal

events at the exhibit.

Kid Power This exhibit teaches visitors how to live healthier lives by eating right and

exercising.

A. One.

B. Two.

C. Three.

D. Four.

(2)Which of the following is TRUE?

A. The museum is over 100 years old.

B. Arthur is a real person.

C. Parents cannot go into Art Studio.

D. Japanese House is in Kyoto right now.

(3)Seven-year-old Tony is interested in checkers games. Which exhibit should he visit?

A. Art Studio.

B. The Common.

C. Japanese House.

D. Kid Power.

(4)Children can learn about healthy eating at _______________.

A. Arthur & Friends

B. Art Studio

C. Japanese House

D. Kid Power

(5)The passage is most probably a _______________.

A. speech

B. notice

C. poster

D. story

【答案】 (1)A

(2)A

(3)B

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文介绍波士顿儿童博物馆,这里孩子可以触摸实物,并且介绍了博物馆一些有趣的展览处所。

(1)细节题。根据Boston Children's Museum is the second oldest children's museum in the United States.波士顿儿童博物馆是美国第二最古老的儿童博物馆。可知,美国只有一个博物馆比波士顿儿童博物馆更古老,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据It has been teaching children with a huge collection of objects(可触摸的实物) since 1913.可知,博物馆已有100多年了,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据The Common is a place where visitors can experience light shows, musical chairs, a gigantic checkers game.可知,托尼对跳棋游戏感兴趣,可以去the common,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据This exhibit teaches visitors how to live healthier lives by eating right and exercising.可知,孩子们可以在Kids power学习到健康饮食,故选D。

(5)推断题。本文介绍了波士顿儿童博物馆,而且详细介绍了博物馆里一些处所,这篇文章很可能是一篇海报,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和推断题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

12.阅读理解

Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in the first place.

There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因)and. aging(老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.

Something dirty can cause redness and it will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.

Eating healthy food will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because they protect your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time.

All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.

(1)________________ is the most important way to protect our eyes.

A. Taking medicine

B. Natural eye care

C. Seeing the doctor

D. Being happy all the time

(2)All the flowing causes can lead to poor eyesight EXCEPT ________________.

A. computers

B. aging

C. reading

D. height

(3)What should you do if you have to work in front of a computer according to the text?

A. Have a rest after working for a while.

B. Eat healthy food.

C. Clean eyes by using cold water.

D. Wear a pair of sunglasses.

(4)The underlined phrase "UV rays" means "________________"in Chinese.

A. 闪电

B. 沙尘

C. 紫外线

D. 超声波(5)What is the best title for the text?

A. Ways of doing eye exercises

B. Ways of eye care

C. Ways of being happy

D. Ways of being healthy

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了眼睛保健的方式。

(1)细节题。根据Natural eye care should be put in the first place.可知自然眼部护理应该放在首位,是保护眼睛的最好的方法,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因) and. aging(老化).可知有几种原因导致视力不好,比如不吃足够的食物、基因和衰老。没有height身高,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.可知如果你碰巧在电脑前工作,最好偶尔休息一下。故选A。

(4)推断题。根据sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.可知太阳镜的作用是保护眼睛免受紫外线的伤害,所以UV rays的意思是紫外线,故选C。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了眼睛保健的方式,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

The phenomenon (现象) of a bike rider getting hit by an opening car door is so common that it has its own term: dooring.

According to a study in Chicago, as many as 1 in 5 bike accidents are caused by car doors—in total, there is nearly one dooring each day in the Windy City (Chicago).

Even when the bike riders try to turn to the other direction to escape from the opening doors, they can end up getting hit by cars.

Then how can we reduce such kind of accidents? Is there any practical way to solve that problem? Yes. It's the Dutch Reach, which has been popular on the Internet recently. The Dutch Reach is a practice where instead of using your near hand—usually the driver's left hand—to open your car door, you use your far hand—your right hand.

By doing that, you will turn your body around. And you turn your head and shoulders back, so

you are looking directly out. First, pass the rearview mirror. And then, you are very easily able to look back and see if there are coming bicycles or cars or anything else. The simplicity of the approach is part of its intelligence.

(1)What is dooring?

A. The opening of the car door.

B. The accidents caused by opening the car door.

C. That bike riders are hit by opening car doors.

D. The accidents that happened in the Windy City.

(2)__________ of bike accidents are caused by dooring according to the study.

A. 1%

B. 5%

C. 20%

D. 25%

(3)Which hand do you use to open the door in the Dutch Reach?

A. The left hand if I am the driver.

B. The right hand if I am the driver.

C. The right hand if I sit at the back.

D. The right hand if I sit next to the driver.

(4)What does the underlined phrase "rearview mirror" mean in Chinese?

A. 门把手

B. 雨刮器

C. 后视镜

D. 挡风玻璃【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:骑自行的人被打开的车门撞到是很普遍的现象,怎样避免这种状况的发生呢?

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句The phenomenon (现象) of a bike rider getting hit by an opening car door is so common that it has its own term: dooring.理解可知,dooring就是骑自行车的人被汽车车门撞倒了,故选C。

(2)理解计算题。根据文中的语句According to a study in Chicago, as many as 1 in 5 bike accidents are caused by car doors—in total, there is nearly one dooring each day in the Windy City (Chicago).理解可知,根据芝加哥的一项研究,多达五分之一的自行车事故是由车门引起的,也就是20%,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句The Dutch Reach is a practice where instead of using your near hand—usually the driver's left hand—to open your car door, you use your far hand—your right hand.理解可知,在这种练习中,司机要用右手而不是左手去开门,故选B。

(4)词义推测题。根据文中的语句 First, pass the rearview mirror. And then, you are very easily able to look back and see if there are coming bicycles or cars or anything else. 理解可知,rearview mirror是后视镜的意思,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题及推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

14.阅读理解

Lots of people are afraid of speaking in public. According to a study, there are 3 of every 4

people having such a problem. The conclusion is a bit surprising and worrying, as most jobs require some speaking ability. The following will help you to make a speech better.

Write note cards. Write main ideas on your cards. You needn't write details. Just put in some fun facts, questions, and other activities on the cards to share with the class. You needn't look at your cards for a long time while speaking. Only have a quick look at the card for information instead of reading every last word if necessary.

Smile at your class. When it's time to speak, a good old-fashioned smile is the best to draw your class into your speech. Be happy, because you're about to teach your class something they don't know before. Studies have shown that smiles are infectious. That means once you smile, it's hard for everyone else not to smile. So if you want your speech to go off well, smile. That will make everyone smile and maybe those smiles will make you actually smile.

Make eyes contact. It's so boring to listen to a speaker who looks at the floor or at note cards. Relax. Your class is made up of your friends and you talk to them all the time. Talk the same way now. Have a look at every person in the classroom at least once. That way, everyone will feel like you're communicating with them. Also, you'll look like you know what you are talking about.

Use hand motions. Move you hand along as you talk, using them to express your key points and keep the class interested. It will also lead your nervous energy into a better place.

(1)According to the passage, of people are afraid of speaking in public.

A. 25%

B. 50%

C. 100%

D. 75%

(2)The words "smiles are infectious" means .

A. smiles is a kind of illness

B. smiles keep people fit

C. your smiles can make others warm and want to smile too

D. it's hard to make others smile

(3)Which is the right picture to the last paragraph?

A. B. C. D.

【英语】中考英语阅读理解压轴题分类汇编1

(4)The passage mainly talks about .

A. a boy's speech in class

B. how to note cards

C. the fear of public speaking

D. how to make a speech better

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了如何使得人们演讲能力很出色。

(1)细节题。根据文章提到的According to a study, there are 3 of every 4 people having

such a problem可知,一共有百分之75的人害怕在公众场合说话,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据文章提到的So if you want your speech to go off well, smile. That will make everyone smile and maybe those smiles will make you actually smile.可知,微笑可以给人温暖并且使得他人也笑,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据最后一段描述的是手势,可知所选的图片应该是手的图片,故选B。(4)主旨题。根据本文主要介绍了如何使得演讲更好,可知文章的大意为如何使得演讲更好,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

Improve Your Learning Skills!

Want higher marks?

Have an important exam soon?

Come to the workshop and learn how to:

?Read faster

?Take better notes

?Improve your spelling

Wednesday, March 13, 3 pm-5 pm, Room 314

Bring a notebook, a dictionary, and a pencil.

See you there.

A. reading

B. grammar

C. speaking

D. pronunciation

(2)People need to stay in the workshop for ______.

A. one hour

B. two hours

C. three hours

D. four hours

(3)People should bring ______ if they go to the workshop.

A. a pen

B. a notebook

C. an English book

D. a computer

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文是关于如何提高英语的广告。

(1)细节题。根据 Read faster 可知在研讨会上可以提高阅读,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据 Wednesday, March 13, 3 pm-5 pm可知人们在研讨会上待2个小时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据 Bring a notebook 看着需要带笔记本,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案。

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