This is a bar chart which illustrates consumption survey among four European countries in six consumer goods.
Consulting from the bar chart, we can observe the Britain has spent most heavily on the range of
consumer goods included. In every case, British’s spending is considerably higher than that of other countries, only in the case of tennis racquets does Italy come close. In marked contrast, Germany is basically the lowest spender. This is most obvious in photographic film. Germany only spends more than France in two cases: tennis racquets and perfumes.
It is worth mentioning that France and Italy maintain middle positions, (保持中等程度) averaging probably similar spending overall（总的来说到达相似消费水平）. It should be noted that, France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets and perfumes
than Italy. Italy’s spending on personal stereos is only slightly greater than that of France, while spending on toys is equal between the two.
It is clear from the given data that there are some significant differences in spending habits within Europe.
1. __________ has spent most heavily on_________
2. __________is considerably higher than that of __________
3. __________is only slightly greater than that of __________
4. maintain middle positions
5. as for ___________, A is equal to that of ___________
①表示“上升” ：rise / increase / climb / grow / go up / experience a (sharp / slow /steady) increase
from ______ to ______ between ______ and ______. / to sky-rocket 直线上升
②表示“下降”：decrease / drop / fall / decline / go down / experience (sharp / slow /steady) a decrease from ______ to ______ between ______ and ______.
④表示“保持不变”：level off / level out / stabilize (stabilization n.) / remain constant
⑤表示“起伏不定”：vary / rise and fall / fluctuate (fluctuation n.)
⑥表示“速度快/ 幅度大”的形容词：sharp / rapid / dramatic/ marked / significant
gradual / steady / slow / slight
⑧表示“到达最高点”：reach a peak at / achieve(达到) the highest point at +数据
⑨表示“到达最低点”：reach a bottom at/ reach the lowest point at
例题5：剑桥5 TEST 1
This is a line chart which illustrates the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden and the USA. It indicates that the percentage of elderly people in all three countries is expected to increase to almost 25% of respective population in the year 2040.（总体描述）
1. 1940 — 1960 从5% 下降到3%
2. 1960 — 1980 保持在3%
3. 1980 — 2005 从3% 上升到5%
4. 2005 —2030 将从5% 上升到10%
According to the line chart, in Japan, there was a slight decrease in the percentage of the population aged 65 or more from 5% in 1940 to nearly 3% in 1960, which was followed by a leveling off for the next twenty years. Thereafter, the period between 1980 and 2005 witnessed a steady rise in the proportion of the population aged 65 and over in Japan from 3% to 5%. After the year of 2005, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Japan will increase gradually from 5% to 10% in 2030. Then, the proportion is predicted to skyrocket to 25%, with a slight rise to 27% in
2. 对于美国，1990年后数据持平直在14% 直到2020，从2020年开始经历上升到2040的23%。
From 1940-1990, the percentage of
people aged 65 and over in the USA and Sweden was similar and followed the same trend.(趋势很相识，写比较) Thereafter, American’s proportion of people aged 65+ leveled out and is predicted to remain at 14% until 2020, after which it is expected to increase to 23% in 2040. However, As for Sweden, after 1990, the figure experienced a marked jump and it will reach 20% in 2013, which followed by a slight drop until 2025, then it is forecasted to soar upwards to 25% in 2040.
=Country Unemployment rates
Australia 6.5 6.7 6.5 Belize 12.7 8.9 20.3
Japan 4.7 4.9 4.5 Morocco 22.0 20.3 27.6 Netherlands3.3 2.6 4.2
国际援助：P38 + P21（教材1）
国家政策: P 20
6. 广告的利弊( P44 ---范文2 )
7. 孩子们看电视玩网络游戏的利弊(P70 ---5.10)