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中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案

中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

Wonder what it is like to be a chef(厨师)? This weekend you will have your chance to find out. Two local chefs, Monica Sallier and Andrew Gleason, will hold an "open kitchen" at their restaurants this Saturday.

Monica's restaurant, The Blue Hen, is small but comfortable. Wooden tables and chairs cover the dining area, and sweet music is always on. "I like to laugh and always tell jokes while I cook," Monica said. "Cooking brings people together. The cooks who work with me have become my best friends."

At Monica's "open kitchen", she plans to teach her guests how to prepare country-style fried chicken. For it, she will use her family's secret spice(香料). She learned how to make it from her father. Monica seldom uses a measuring cup(量杯)when cooking. By doing so, she hopes to offer her guests a special dining experience. "If you come to my restaurant, you'll never get the same dish twice, "she said.

Also opening his kitchen this Saturday in Shreveport is Andrew Gleason. He is the head chef at Quarter Bistro. "I am not the most talkative chef in the business," Andrew said. "Mostly because I prefer to give my full attention to the food. Every ingredient(食材)must be carefully measured. "

Andrew's food also makes the dining experience special. He makes every dish look like a piece of art. At his "open kitchen", Andrew plans to teach his visitors how to prepare blackened catfish, a dish of his that has won much praise throughout the city.

(1)While Monica is cooking, she ____.

A. is never quiet

B. seldom uses spice

C. sometimes sits on a wooden chair

D. always listens to her favorite songs

(2)At Andrew's "open kitchen", he will ____.

A. invite Monica to try his dish

B. work with another head chef

C. tell lots of jokes while cooking

D. cook one much-praised dish

(3)What do Monica and Andrew have in common?

A. They work in the same restaurant.

B. They both like using measuring cups.

C. They graduated from the same cooking school.

D. They both let guests have a special dining experience.

(4)The passage is probably from ____.

A. a city newspaper

B. a restaurant notice

C. a cookbook

D. a chef's diary

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文讲述本周六,两位当地厨师莫妮卡·萨利尔和安德鲁·格里森将在他们

的餐厅举行开放式厨房活动。

(1)推理题。根据I like to laugh and always tell jokes while I cook我喜欢笑,做饭时总是讲笑话可知莫妮卡做饭时,她从不安静,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据Andrew plans to teach his visitors how to prepare blackened catfish, a dish of his that has won much praise throughout the city安德鲁计划教他的游客如何准备熏制鲶鱼,这是他的一道菜,在全城广受好评可知在安德鲁的“开放式厨房”,他会做一道备受称赞的菜,故选D。

(3)推理题。根据 she hopes to offer her guests a special dining experience她希望为客人提供一种特殊的用餐体验和Andrew's food also makes the dining experience special安德鲁的食物也让用餐体验与众不同可知,莫妮卡和安德鲁的共同点是他们都让客人有一个特殊的用餐体验,故选D。

(4)推理题。根据本文讲述本周六,两位当地厨师莫妮卡·萨利尔和安德鲁·格里森将在他们的餐厅举行开放式厨房活动,可知这是新闻报道,故本文来自城市报纸,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

2.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

B

“Do you believe in life after death?” Jack's boss asked Jack.

“Yes, Sir.”

“Well, then, that makes everything just fine,” the boss went on. “About an hour after you left yesterday to go to your grandfather's funeral(葬礼), he dropped in to see you.”

(1)What do you think Jack did the day before?

A. He attended his grandfather's funeral.

B. He did nothing special and he worked as usual.

C. He meant to attend a funeral but didn't.

D. He told a lie to get the day off.

(2)What do you guess Jack's grandfather was doing the day before?

A. He had been dead for some days but suddenly came to life again.

B. He was thought to be dead but in fact well and alive.

C. He was doing his usual business.

D. He learned that Jack had cheated his boss and came to see him.

(3)When the boss said, "That makes everything just fine", he _______.

A. meant he was glad that Jack’s grandfather was still alive

B. was, in fact, telling Jack that he had been found out

C. was, in fact, telling Jack that everything was OK

D. meant he was glad that Jack believed in life after death

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

【解析】【分析】这是一个笑话,Jack借口参加祖父的葬礼而请假刚离开不久,他的祖父来看他。老板借用人死后后灵魂来揭穿Jack的谎言。

(1)推理判断。根据老板的话About an hour after you left yesterday to go to your grandfather’s funeral(葬礼), he dropped in to see you.可知他撒了谎,故选D。

(2)推理判断。从对话中可知Jack 的祖父是顺便来看他,drop in顺便走访。故选C。(3)推理判断。老板这样说的意思是他在告诉Jack这样就能解释“你的祖父来看你”了,也就是告诉Jack他知道Jack说谎了。故选B。

【点评】故事类阅读要紧扣故事的时间线索,人物间的关系,故事的发展和结局,点明的主旨等信息。答题时注意问题中的关键词在文章中的准确定位,根据关键词查找信息,切忌主观臆断,凭感觉做题

3.阅读理解

In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员)at a high school camp. On the first day, when we were dancing and playing games, I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin. His shyness made him appear weak. I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people. He quietly replied, "No, I really don't want to do this." I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn't be right to force him either. Actually, the boy didn't need a close talk but a friend.

At lunch the next day, I was leading camp songs when I saw the boy under the tree sitting alone.

I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again. That evening I was told the boy's name was Tommy. Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.

The days went by and the time came when we had to leave. We held a big, warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp. All the campers shared their wonderful moments. To my surprise, I found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls. I couldn't believe it was the same person.

In October of my second year, I received a phone call from Tommy's mother. She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and died. I offered my deep sadness. The mother said, "Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference to Tommy during his last months."

At that moment, I realized how easy it was to give a bit of yourself every day. You may never know how much each gesture may mean to someone else. I hope that everyone can pay attention to his own "boy under the tree".

(1)Before the writer came to the high school summer camp, he was a(n) .

A. instructor

B. camper

C. student

D. reporter

(2)How many times did the writer invite the boy to join in the activities?

A. Once.

B. Twice.

C. Three times.

D. Many times.

(3)Which is the CORRECT order about the story?

①The boy danced joyfully wi th two girls.

② The boy went back to school and made new friends.

③ The boy refused to join in the activities.

④The boy's mother made a phone call to the writer.

A. ①②③④

B. ②③①④

C. ③①②④

D.

④③②①

(4)From Paragraph 4, we can infer that Tommy's mother was very to the writer.

A. thankful

B. helpful

C. faithful

D. harmful

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了作者曾给一个男孩精神上的帮助,让大家指代每天给自己一点自信是多么容易。

(1)推理题。根据 In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员)at a high school camp 在大学一年级和二年级之间的那个夏天,我被邀请去当一名教师(辅导员)在一个高中营地可知,在作家来到高中夏令营之前,他是名学生,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据 invited him to join in the activities和 I tried again with the same invitation 可知,作者邀请这个男孩参加了2次活动,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据全文描述可知最初男孩拒绝参加活动,后来男孩和两个女孩快乐地跳舞,这个男孩回到学校,交了新朋友,男孩的母亲给作家打了一个电话,故是C选项的排序是正确的,故选C。

(4)推理题。根据Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference to Tommy during his last months汤米多次提到你。我想让你知道,他回到学校,自信地交了新朋友。在汤米的最后几个月里,你改变了他可知,汤米的母亲对作家很感谢,故选A。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

4.阅读理解

I live on the twelfth floor of a building. One afternoon I was coming home from a friend's house. It was just after four o'clock. I got quickly into the lift and pressed Button(按钮)13.

The lift started to go up, but very slowly. And then, halfway up, it suddenly stopped between two floors. I couldn't understand it. I pressed all the buttons from 1 to 14.I called for help very loudly. But nobody answered.

Then suddenly the lights went out, and I was alone in the dark. I started to cry and beat the walls of the lift. I cried and cried until I had no voice left. Then, I felt hopeless, and pressed all the buttons with my hands. And at the same time, there was a bell far away. It rang and rang. It was the fire alarm. I thought the whole building was on fire. I said to God quietly, "Just get me out of here. I'll never be bad again."

Just then, I realized the lift was moving very slowly. On the ground floor it stopped, and the door opened. A man was standing there. "How long have you been there? It is good that you pressed the alarm bell. But haven't you learned to read at your school?" He pointed at a small piece of paper on the wall beside the lift. It said:

"Attention: This lift will be stopped for repairs between 4 p.m. and 5p.m. on Thursday, March 13."

(1)What happened to the lift?

A. It had a fire accident.

B. It stopped halfway.

C. It was turned off by the writer.

D. It moved fast up to the top floor.

(2)As the situation went on, the writer became .

A. more and more scared

B. calmer and calmer

C. more and more bored

D. clearer and clearer

(3)Why did a bell ring from far away?

A. The lift was to start again.

B. The repair worker rang the fire alarm.

C. The building was on fire.

D. The writer pressed the fire alarm bell.

(4)Who most probably made the lift move again and go down to the ground floor?

A. The writer.

B. The writer's friend.

C. The man.

D. The writer's father.【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者从朋友家里回家时遇见电梯因为修理不能使用,作者起初不知道,最终被困电梯。

(1)细节题。根据And then, halfway up, it suddenly stopped between two floors.可知电梯上到半路就停止了,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据I cried and cried until I had no voice left. Then, I felt hopeless可知作者喊叫直到没有声音,作者感到无望的,所以作者感到越来越害怕,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据And at the same time, there was a bell far away. It rang and rang. It was the fire alarm.可知作者按到了火灾报警器,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据On the ground floor it stopped, and the door opened. A man was standing there.可知男士最有可能让电梯再次移动,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

Willow Shields is an American film and television actress. She was born on June 1st, 2000 in

Albuquerque, New Mexico. She has a twin sister and an elder brother. Willow is a very beautiful girl. She has golden hair, big eyes and sweet smiles.

Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister. In the film, she played the role of a little girl watching a gun fight. Her most famous role is Prim in the movie The Hunger Games. She worked hard for the movie and she read the book carefully before acting. Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her." Shields continued in her role until November, 2015, when the final of four movies of The Hunger Games series came out.

Because Willow is always busy, she is home schooled. She makes use of every chance to enrich herself. She especially loves reading. Besides, she is warm-hearted. In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.

(1)Willow Shields is ______________ years old now.

A. 6

B. 10

C. 12

D. 18

(2)Willow Shields acted in her first film with ______________.

A. her twin sister

B. her director

C. her brother

D. her best friend (3)From the director's words, we know that ______________.

A. Willow Shields is a lucky girl

B. the director is pleased with Willow

C. Willow Shields is a television actress

D. Willow Shields is a girl from New Mexico

(4)Willow Shields often ______________ in her free time.

A. goes to an amusement park

B. goes abroad with her friends

C. helps some homeless families

D. hangs out in a shopping mall

(5)Which of the following is TRUE about Willow Shields?

A. She has a brother and two sisters.

B. She gets to school every weekday.

C. She played a role in Harry Potter in 2008.

D. She acted in a film for the first time when she was 8.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了美国电影和电视女演员——Willow Shields。

(1)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque可知出生在2000年6月1日,所以现在18岁了,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据She has a twin sister.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister.可知她有一个双胞胎姐妹,并且在第一个电影中和双胞胎姐妹表演,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her."可知Willow说:“找到一个像她一样的年轻女演员是令人兴奋的,我们非常幸运有她”,可知导演对她感到满意,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.可知在空闲时间她经常志愿给无家可归的人发放食物,即帮助无家可归的人,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister可知出生在2000年,在2008年得到第一份工作,即和双胞胎姐妹表演7分钟英语短片,当时是8岁,故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案

Cross- country skier Man Dandan won the women's 1.4 km individual sprint here on Monday, earning China's first gold at the eighth Asian Winter Games in 2017.

"I was in good form today," said the 28 year-old girl after winning the title in the final round with 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds. "I didn't think much, but just focused on the games. As an old member, I want to set a good example to my younger teammates by doing my best no matter what the result is."

Mikko Olavi Virtanen, the head coach of the Chinese cross-country skiing team, said after the game he was satisfied with Man Dandan's performance. "She is a super talented sprint skier. Her biggest problem before was to maintain the speed for four rounds of the competition. We have been working on that for the past seven months. I have been giving her advice, such as how to save the energy till the final round," he said, adding that Man is a good learner.

He also said that the Chinese cross-country skiing team had a huge potential. "We have quite a young team. We still have five more years to Beijing Winter Olympics. I hope we can continue this good work for a long term," he said.

Yelena Kolomina from Kazakhstan took the sliver and Ju Hyeri from South Korea got the bronze. Australia's Casey Wright finished the third in the final round but did not get a medal as a guest athlete.

(1)How long did it take Man Dandan to finish the sking?

A. 2 minutes and 11.31 seconds.

B. 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds.

C. 8 minutes and 29 seconds.

D. 48 minutes and 29 seconds.

(2)What did the coach think of Man's performance?

A. Exciting.

B. Terrible.

C. Satisfying.

D. Bad.

(3)What was Man Dandan's biggest problem?

A. Maintaining the speed.

B. Saving enough energy.

C. Keeping a good form.

D. Going to the final round.

(4)When will the Beiing Winter Olympics be held?

A. In 2018.

B. In 2019.

C. In 2020.

D. In 2022.

(5)What was Ju Hyeri's rank in the competition?

A. First.

B. Second.

C. Third.

D. Fourth.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了星期一,越野滑雪运动员满丹丹赢得了女子1.4公里个人短跑冠军,在2017的第八届亚洲冬季运动会上赢得了中国的第一枚金牌。

(1)细节题。根据"I was in good form today," said the 28 year-old girl after winning the title in the final round with 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds.可知用时是3分钟48.29秒,故选B。(2)细节题。根据Mikko Olavi Virtanen, the head coach of the Chinese cross-country skiing team, said after the game he was satisfied with Man Dandan's performance.可知教练对丹丹的表演感到满意,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Her biggest problem before was to maintain the speed for four rounds of the competition.可知她以前最大的问题是保持四轮比赛的速度。故选A。

(4)细节题。根据Cross- country skier Man Dandan won the women's 1.4 km individual sprint here on Monday, earning China's first gold at the eighth Asian Winter Games in 2017. We still have five more years to Beijing Winter Olympics.可知2017年再过5年是2022年,故选D。

(5)细节题。根据Ju Hyeri from South Korea got the bronze.可知Ju Hyeri得到了一个铜奖,即第三名,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

Bill: My favourite book is The Chronicles of Narnia : The Lion, the Witch(女巫)and the Wardrobe(魔衣柜) by C.S, Lewis. It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever, The children help save the magical land from the witch with the help of Aslan, a great talking lion. The children become leaders. But then they come back to our world ... until their next journey in Narnia.

Eric: I like reading The Magic School Bus written by Joanna Cole best. The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the human body. I like Arnold, a boy in Ms. Frizzle's class. He's really funny and he's always afraid.

Grace: One of my all-time favourite books is Ugly by Donna Jo Napoli. It's the story of an ugly young duck. It's a little sad, but after you finish reading it, you'll want to read it again and again. The way Donna Jo Napoli writes is special, and you can really get inside the characters' heads. It sounds like music when it's being read to you.

Sally: My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech. It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move. Then she is suddenly taken to Switzerland by her aunt and uncle, away from her family. Interested? Then read this book!

Jane: My favourite book is Nancy Drew Mystery(疑案) Stories by Carolyn Keene. I have read it about four times! It is about a girl who loves solving mysteries, and she finds a statue that whispers. Well, I'm not going to tell you the story. I'll let you read it by yourself.

A. a lion

B. a witch

C. a wardrobe

D. a duck

(2)When finishing reading Ugly, readers may feel a little ________________.

A. afraid

B. sad

C. excited

D. nervous

(3)Sally's favourite book is written by ________________.

A. C.S. Lewis

B. Joanna Cole

C. Donna Jo Napoli

D. Sharon Creech

(4)Tina is interested in special journeys, so she may like to read ________________.

A. Ugly

B. Bloomability

C. The Magic School Bus

D. Nancy Drew Mystery Stories

(5)Bloomability and Nancy Drew Mystery Stories both tell stories about ________________.

A. a girl

B. a magical land

C. a young duck

D. a school

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Bill、Eric、Grace、Sally和Jane最喜爱的书。

(1)细节题。根据第一个表格It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever可知主要讲了四个孩子对抗女巫的故事,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第三个表格It's a little sad可知读完后读者感到有点难过,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据第四个表格My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech.可知由Sharon Creech所写,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据第二个表格The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the human body.可知魔法公交车可以去任何地方,甚至人类身体,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据第四个表格It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move.可知主

要讲了一个小女孩的故事,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

8.阅读理解

For most people in the West, Valentine's Day(情人节)ends on February 15, but here in Japan it's not quite over until March 15. March 14-exactly one month after Valentine's Day--is White Day in Japan.

To really understand what White Day is all about, you have to understand what Valentine's Day

in Japan is like. Japanese Valentine's Day is all about men getting presents. Japanese women are

usually too shy to show their love, though it might not be true today. Valentine's Day is a great chance to let women show their feelings. Men should return gifts to women on White Day.

On both days, chocolate is the gift of choice. More often, the colour of the chocolate is white because of the name of the day. You can also buy flowers, candy or cookies.

Does it sound good to you? Don't get too excited when you get chocolate from Japanese girls! They give chocolate not only to their loved ones, but also to men such as bosses(老板) and male(男性的) friends.

The Japanese first celebrated White Day in 1978. Now it is also celebrated in South Korea and Taiwan, China.

(1)In Japan, Valentine's Day ends on ________________.

A. February 14

B. February 15

C. March 14

D. March 15(2)What's the most common White Day gift?

A. White chocolate.

B. Flowers.

C. Candy.

D. Cookies.(3)What can we learn from the passage?

A. White Day has a history of 100 years.

B. White Day is all about women getting gifts.

C. People all over the world celebrate White Day.

D. On White Day girls only give gifts to their boyfriends.

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. The history of Valentine's Day

B. Valentine's Day

C. How to celebrate White Day

D. White Day in Japan

(5)The writer of this passage may be from ________________.

A. Japan

B. China

C. America

D. South Korea

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了日本的白色情人节。

(1)细节题。根据but here in Japan it's not quite over until March 15.可知日本情人节直到3月15日结束,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据On both days, chocolate is the gift of choice.可知巧克力是礼物的选择,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Japanese Valentine's Day is all about men getting presents. Valentine's Day is a great chance to let women show their feelings.Men should return gifts to women on White Day.可知日本的白色情人节是关于男士得到礼物,并且男士把礼物归还给女士,故选B。(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了日本的白色情人节,故选D。

(5)推断题。根据全文可知主要讲了主要讲了日本的白色情人节,所以作者可能来自日本,即Japan,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意

从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

9.阅读理解

On the afternoon of the day that we arrived in Xingcheng, we left for Qinhuangdao. It was raining heavily while we were on the highway. I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour. We got to Qinhuangdao in the late afternoon. We booked in a hotel a normal room with a large bed, an air conditioner, a TV and a toilet. 150 yuan more or less is worthy of that.

The next morning, it only took us less than 30 minutes to get to the beach. Policemen were everywhere, and they guided our traffic. The bill of the parking was 20 yuan. I paid some money for life buoys because none of us could swim. The water was not too deep near the beach and with a life buoy I could float on the water in order not to get drowned. I taught my wife how to use the life buoy, although it was also the first time that I used it. But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh. The environment in Beidaihe was fine, although it was not very clean, and we had a good time.

By the way, in the evening we visited the shopping street in the central city. We visited a shopping street near Beidaihe. There were a lot of people, shopping and dining. Of course, we had some seafood there too.

(1)The writer went to Beidaihe ______________.

A. by train

B. by bus

C. by car

D. by plane

(2)What do the underlined words "life buoys" mean in Chinese?

A. 防晒霜

B. 救生圈

C. 游泳衣

D. 游艇(3)What was the writer's daughter doing while they were swimming?

A. Taking a walk along the beach.

B. Having a picnic.

C. Lying in the sun.

D. Playing with the sand.

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The writer booked a room with 300 yuan a night.

B. The writer's wife is very good at swimming.

C. The environment is very clean in Beidaihe.

D. The writer bad some seafood that evening.

(5)What's the best title for the passage?

A. The trip to Beidaihe

B. The sea in Beidaihe

C. The weather in Beidaihe

D. The food in Beidaihe

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行。

(1)推断题。根据I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour.我把速度保持在每小时

100公里以下。可知是开车,即by car,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据后句because none of us could swim.因为我们都不会游泳,所以买了一些救生圈,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh.但是我的女儿被沙子迷住了。她全神贯注地玩着沙子,这使我们笑了起来,可知女儿正在玩沙子,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据Of course, we had some seafood there too.当然,我们也吃了一些海鲜,可知是吃了海鲜,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

10.阅读理解

These days haze(雾霾)is around us here and there. In fact, everyone has the power to change their living habits to help reduce it. Many local governments call on their people to take action to make the air cleaner.

Transport is one of the biggest contributors(促成物) to haze. When, where, bow, why and what you drive all affect air quality. When one drives to work for one year, he uses as much energy as a bus rider uses in 10 years. So walk or ride your bicycle to work or school whenever possible. If it is necessary, you can use public transport instead of your car. Each person using public transport for a year instead of a car can save nearly a tonne of pollutants, including CO2, from going into the atmosphere.

Carpooling is another way to reduce carbon emissions (排放). Carpooling is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car. It immediately reduces your car's emissions by half.

What you do inside your living space can have a big effect on the air quality outside it. You can do a lot of things inside and around your home that will help you pollute less and save some money.

A large amount of our energy supply comes from burning coal, another contributor to haze. By cutting down your electricity use, you are cutting down on haze. So you may try to reduce your use of electricity by turning off lights, using your air conditioner wisely during the summer months, or updating some of your electrical appliances to low-energy models. For example, you can use energy-saving lamps that require less energy and last 10 times longer than common bulbs.

(1)Which does the writer think should play an important role in reducing haze?

A. City cleaners.

B. Haze producers.

C. Local governments.

D. Common people.(2)We can infer(推断) from the passage that the writer thinks .

A. cars can be used only when people have to

B. cars should be given up as soon as possible

C. cars must be improved to reduce air pollution

D. cars may cause the most serious pollution of all

(3)We should reduce the use of electricity mainly because .

A. we can save a lot of money by using less energy

B. coal is now becoming rarer and rarer on our planet

C. harmful things come out while electricity is produced

D. electrical appliances send out something harmful to our air

(4)Which can be the best title for the passage?

A. What Are Causing Haze Around Us

B. What You Can Do to Reduce Haze

C. How Dangerous Haze Is to Our Life

D. How Important It Is to Reduce Haze

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章主要介绍了几种减少雾霾的方法,第一种为尽量使用公共交通工具外出,第二种为尽量拼车出行,第三种为减少电力的使用。

(1)细节题。结合第一段第二句 In fact, everyone has the power to change their living habits to help reduce it. 可知,每个人都有能力通过改变自己的生活习惯来减少雾霾。因此,作者认为在减少雾霾上,普通人应该发挥重要作用,故选D。

(2)推断题。由第二段 So walk or ride your bicycle to work or school whenever possible. If it is necessary, you can use public transport instead of your car. 可知,尽可能步行或骑自行车,必要时乘坐公共交通工具也不要开车。因此作者认为仅当不得已的时候才应该才去开车,故选A。

(3)细节题。结合第五段第一句A large amount of our energy supply comes from burning coal, another contributor to haze. 可知,发电时,我们需要烧煤等,而这会释放出有害物质,进而污染空气。C项意为“当生产电力时会释放有害物质”,符合题意,故选C。

(4)主旨题。通读全文,文章主要介绍了几种减少雾霾的方法,第一种为尽量使用公共交通工具外出,第二种为尽量拼车出行,第三种为减少电力的使用。故文章主旨在于普通人可以做些什么、采取什么措施来减少雾霾,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,首先通读全文,掌握大意,然后根据问题在文章中找到依据,选出正确答案,注意阅读方法的运用。

11.阅读理解

Teens' Talk

Lisa Black, 13Mexico City, Mexico

"My favorite kind of music is salsa, and my favorite singer is Marc Anthony. Salsa is a kind of Latin music. Why do I like salsa? Well, it's exciting. There's always salsa music at our home. That's because my parents love it-and because we live next to a salsa music store!"

Tom White, 14New York City, the US

"What's my favorite kind of music? I like all kinds of music, but my favorite is techno. It's so cool! My brother hates techno—he thinks it's terrible! He doesn't understand it. But I don't understand his music either—he thinks country music is great!"

Linda Green, 13Paris, France

"My favorite kind of music is classical music. My friends think it is boring, but I think classical music is really cool. My mom and dad like classical music, too, and my dad has a great collection of classical CDs."

A. her brother

B. her mother

C. her father

D. her friend (2)Lisa Black is the same age as _________.

A. Linda Green

B. Tom White

C. Tom's brother

D. Marc Anthony (3)The topic of today's talk is about teens' _________.

A. favorite collection

B. favorite music

C. favorite singer

D. favorite song

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】大意:本文谈论青少年最喜欢的音乐,布莱克丽萨最喜欢萨尔萨舞曲,怀特汤姆.怀特最喜欢泰克诺音乐,而格林琳达最喜欢古典音乐。

(1)细节题。根据my dad has a great collection of classical CDs.可知,琳达爸爸喜欢收集古典音乐光盘,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据Lisa Black, 13和 Linda Green, 13可知,她和格林琳达是同龄,故选A。(3)主旨题。本文主要谈论青少年最喜欢的音乐,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

12.阅读理解

A British company has made a new product to help us save money. The product is a wristband that gives us an electric shock if we spend too much money. The wristband is called Pavlok. It is linked to our bank account. It knows how much money we have in the bank. If we go shopping and there is not enough money in our bank account, the wristband makes an electric shock on our wrists. This warns us not to overspend. The company is called Intelligent Environments. It wants to work with banks to help customers with their money. So far, no banks in Britain have said they would ask their customers to wear Pavlok. They could start doing this in the future.

The Pavlok wristband is part of the Internet of Things. This is the idea that everything in our life will be connected to the Internet. The CEO of Intelligent Environments, David Webber, said people liked the idea of the Pavlok. Shoppers would rather get a small electric shock in the store from the wristband than get a big shock later when they see their bank account. Mr. Webber said the Pavlok would be great for people who cannot stop spending because they have no power or

their power is weak. He added that many young people have the "ostrich effect". This is when people put their heads in the sand and buy things rather than look at how much money they have in their bank accounts.

(1)The company made the product to help itself _________.

A. make money

B. save money

C. spend money

D. rob money

(2)The wristband has to work with _________.

A. shops

B. doctors

C. banks

D. Intelligent Environments

(3)Mr. Webber thinks the wristband is _________.

A. helpless

B. great

C. a big surprise

D. cheap

(4)You can read this passage in a _________.

A. health magazine

B. science magazine

C. sports magazine

D. weather report

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了英国生产的帮助人们省钱的工具——腕带,如果你花钱多了,它会电击你,它是互联网的一部分。

(1)逻辑推理题,公司的目的是赚钱,他生产这种东西就为为了赚钱,故答案是A。(2)细节理解题,根据It is linked to our bank account.可知它跟银行账户关联,故答案是C。

(3)逻辑推理题,根据最后一段的陈述可知,韦伯认为这种产品很棒,故答案是B。(4)文章出处题,这是一篇科普性的文章,应出现在科学杂志上,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、逻辑推理题和文章出处题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实;文章出处题需要根据文章内容来判断文章的来源。

13.阅读理解

A few days ago, I ran into a stranger as he passed by. I said sorry to him. And we were very polite. Then we went on our way after saying goodbye.

Later in the kitchen at home, as I cooked our meal, my daughter Betty walked up to me. When I turned around, I nearly knocked her down. "Get out of the way!" I shouted angrily. She ran away, crying.

That night, when I lay in bed, my husband said to me, "You were so rude to Betty. Go and look around on the kitchen floor, and you'll find some flowers there. Betty brought those for you. She picked them herself—pink, yellow, and your favorite blue."

When I heard this, I thought deeply, "While meeting with a stranger, I was calm and polite, but with my daughter, I was not patient." I felt sad and tears began to fall.

I quietly went to Betty's bed, "Wake up, my dear!" I said. "Are these the flowers you picked for me?" She smiled, "I found them by the tree. I know you like them, especially the blue ones." I said, "I am so sorry that I treated you that way today." And she whispered (悄声说), "Mommy,

that's okay. I still love you anyway." I kissed her and said, "I love you, too and 1 do love the flowers."

That day Betty gave me a lesson on how to get along with each other in the family. I spent much time on work and didn't realize how important family life was. I decided to do better in the future.

(1)What did the writer do when she ran into a man?

A. She got mad at him.

B. She didn't say sorry to him.

C. She said sorry to him politely.

D. She left without saying anything.

(2)Why did the writer feel sorry for what she had done?

A. Because her husband didn't love her.

B. Because her daughter brought her some flowers.

C. Because she used to be friendly to others.

D. Because she spent less time on her family life.

(3)According to the passage, which do you think is I he best title?

A. How to get along with a stranger

B. I love my daughter

C. My daughter gave me a good lesson

D. How to be a polite person

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要讲述了发生在自己和女儿之间的一个故事,通过这个故事,让作者决定在将来要更好地对待他人。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中语句A few days ago, I ran into a stranger as he passed by. I said sorry to him. And we were very polite. 几天前,当陌生人走过的时候,我撞到了他,我对他说了对不起,我们非常有礼貌,可知当作者撞到一个陌生人有礼貌地道歉,故选C。(2)推理判断题。阅读第三段可知:可知作者的丈夫告诉她,玛丽为她采了一些花.第四段作者开始对发生的事进行反思,并向女儿道歉,第五段作者下决心要多花点时间与家人相处,I spent much time on work before and didn't realize how important family life was. 可知作者对她所做的事感到难过,因为她花在家庭生活上的时间很少,故选D。

(3)主旨归纳题。文章主要讲作者对陌生人很有礼貌,而对自己的女儿态度非常糟糕,缺乏耐心。而女儿看到漂亮的花时,依然摘来送给她,孩子的一些话深深触动作者的心灵,决定未来要多花些时间陪伴家人,会做得更好。由此可以推断出文章标题:女儿给了我一个很好的教训。故选C。

【点评】查阅读理解。本题主要考查了细节理解题,归纳题以及判断题,做题的时候,先从题目中找到一个关键词,它可以帮助我们很快地定位原文,找到答案。

14.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案

(1)The ad of Simply Sushi tells us the ________ for a meal.

A. address

B. price

C. time

D. advantage

(2)If you want to eat Pizza, you Can go to Tony's at ________ .

A. 8 a. m.

B. 10 a. m.

C. 5 p. m

D. 11 p. m.(3)Shirley and Sue paid ________ in total for a special lunch at Lotus Chinese yesterday.

A. $4.95

B. $7.50

C. $9.90

D. $15.00

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)C

【解析】【分析】本文是一张关于饭店的广告。

(1)细节题。根据图一的信息1022 West Fifth St,可知寿司店的地址,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据图三的信息12am-10pm可知,如果你想吃披萨,下文5点去Tony的店吃披萨,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据图二的信息,特价午餐每个人4,95美元可知,雪莉和苏昨天在lotus chinese共花了9.9美元吃了一顿午餐,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案。

15.阅读理解

Public holidays in the United States

中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案

Memorial Day is .

A. on May 30

B. to honor the Givil War

C. on last Monday in May

D. at the end of the summer season

(2)Which day is to honor the discoverer of the Americas?

A. Labor Day.

B. Columbus Day.

C. Thanksgiving Day.

D. Independence Day.(3)Traditionally Thanksgiving Day is a day of thanking for .

A. parents

B. god

C. the autumn

D. the autumn harvest (4)Which holiday is in September?

A. Memorial Day.

B. Columbus Day.

C. Labor Day.

D. Independence Day.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了几个美国节日。

(1)推理题。根据 Last Monday 和 and marks the beginning of the summer season. 可知纪念日在5月份最后一个周一,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据 It honors Columbus, traditional discoverer of the Americas. 可知哥伦布日向美洲的发现者致敬,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据 Traditionally it celebrates the giving of thanks for the autumn harvest. 可知,传统上,它庆祝对秋收的感谢,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据First Monday in September 可知劳工节在九月的第一个星期一,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

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